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201 8 F07 Phaedo I 92007

201 8 F07 Phaedo I 92007 - Philo 201 Lecture 8 and Lecture...

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Philo 201: Lecture 8, 9/25/07, and Lecture 9, 9/27/07 Plato, Crito completed; Phaedo Dokimasia At 17, one enrolls as citizen; so Athenian citizenship is a “club” that one joins. If the Athenian does not like it then, he can emigrate. Whoever remains has in fact come to an agreement to obey the laws - and the more one remains, the more one agrees. Disobedience: three wrongs a) wrongs parents b) wrongs those who educated him c) goes against agreement Socrates committed to Athens Socrates never left the city except on military service. Socrates had children in the city. Socrates could have requested exile. (This argument would really be sufficient; why the rest of the arguments?) Socrates worse off elsewhere Nowhere else would be better for Socrates - Kraut argues that Socrates believed that the Athenian democracy was the least bad of all the bad systems of government; this is contrary to many others who think Socrates was pro - oligarchy. No Thessaly Well - governed cities will be suspicious Thessaly is full of license and disorder and Soc will be regarded shamefully. Can’t take children to Thessaly; won’t friends educate children if Soc is in Hades just as much as if he were in Thessaly? “Let it be then, Crito, and let us act in this way, since this is the way the God is leading us.” Socrates and Civil Disobedience Is there a conflict between Crito and Apology ? Phaedo Phaedo Bib. R. Burger, The Phaedo: A Platonic Labyrinth , 1984 D. Bostock, Plato’s Phaedo, 1986 A. Gilead, The Platonic Odyssey, 1994 P. J. Ahrensdorf, The Death of Socrates and the Life of Philosophy, 1995 People in the Phaedo Echecrates, Phaedo, Xanthippe, Crito, Simmias, Cebes, Evenus, Philolaus, Anaxagoras Echecrates Pythagorean of Phlius, which is between Athens and Elis; an ally of Sparta. Student of Philolaus and Eurytus of Tarentum.
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Phaedo Young aristocrat from Elis, had been captured and enslaved (probably in 401), was redeemed by Crito at Socrates’ request (DL 2.31). Was probably 20 or so at the time of Socrates’ death. Founded a school of philosophy in Elis, wrote works extant in antiquity. Xanthippe Wife of Socrates. Plato presents her sympathetically, but Xenophon represents friction between Xanthippe and Socrates. Probably daughter of Lamprocles (see Clouds 60- 67); mother of Lamprocles (II), Sophroniscus (II), and Menexenus. See Xen. Symp. 2.10, Mem 2.2.1. (Myrto) Plutarch: “Myrto, granddaughter of Aristides, lived with Socrates, who took her under his protection when she was widowed because she was poor and lacking in the necessities of life.” See Nails pp. 208-210. Crito Friend of Socrates, member of the same deme (Alopece), wealthy farmer. See dialogue named after him.
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201 8 F07 Phaedo I 92007 - Philo 201 Lecture 8 and Lecture...

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