201 13 F07 Republic Concluded 100907

201 13 F07 Republic Concluded 100907 - Republic concluded...

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Republic concluded notes, Lecture 13, October 11, 2007, p. 1 Republic Concluded Lecture 13, October 11, 2007 Plato’s Cave *Noticing contradictions leads to breaking the chains of ignorance and turning around to see the models carried back and forth in front of the fire (I.e., sun). *Climbing out of the cave. *Reflections in the real world. *Looking at the real objects, then the real sun. *Only the person who has made it out of the cave is fit to rule. However, when he/she goes back into the cave, the darkness makes it difficult. The person who has made it out is not good at statistical probability, but does understand true causes. Education (518) *Not: putting sight in blind eyes *But: the power is there, but misdirected – education is the craft of turning people around so that they can see the Good. Object of education *Producing some people with knowledge of the good. The just state is one in which the rulers are wise, and wisdom requires knowledge of the good. *Though the wise would prefer not to rule. Degrees of reality? *Forms most real; mathematical objects somewhat less real; physical entities less real still, and phenomena least real. *Mind (sophia, episteme, dianoia) *Dialectic, logismos *Doxa *Pistis, eikasia The education of the rulers (summary) *Progressively more complex mathematics. *Theoretical vs. practical sciences. *Dialectic and the liberation of the soul. *20: philosophy starts *30: selections, 5 years for dialectic, then back to cave *15 years military *50: most time in philosophy, but turns at office. *All of this also applies to women.
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201 13 F07 Republic Concluded 100907 - Republic concluded...

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