Can Necessity Give Rise to Contingency2

Can Necessity Give Rise to Contingency2 - If God is Eternal...

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If God is Eternal, Immutable, and Infinite (Pure Act), is it possible for God (defined as such) to be the creator and provident redeemer of a world in which there is true contingency, especially human freedom? Introductory Assumptions: A.Proof three argues to necessary existence, existence by nature and thus without any potentiality whatsoever. Aquinas fleshes out this assumption in q. 3, art. 4, Whether Essence and Being are the same in God? In the Reply, Aquinas argues: a. “since being is the actuality of every nature … b. And since in God there is no potentiality … c. It follows that in Him essence does not differ from being. d. Therefore His essence is His being.” In art. 5 “Whether God is Altogether Simple?” Aquinas continues that God is absolutely simple: e. Because in God there is no composition of quantitative parts, since He is not a body; f. Nor composition of form and matter; g. Nor does his nature differ from His suppositum; h. Nor His essence from His being; i. Neither is there in Him composition of genus and difference, j. Nor of subject and accident; k. Therefore, God is “altogether simple.” B.Raises a serious problem: l. Since God is absolutely simple in being and action (1-4, 10) m. And since proof three requires that contingent (created) being derive from necessary or absolute being, (esse a se), n. How is it possible for contingent being to derive from necessary being without either being necessary itself, and thus not contingent, or necessary being becoming contingent by giving rise to contingent beings (existentially contingent beings)? C.Raises a second, more precise problem concerning the relationship between necessity and contingency, the status of future contingent beings (especially human free actions) relative to the divine knowledge and will, both of which are identical with the divine being. In other words, does o. Divine foreknowledge and divine will impose necessity on contingent beings? p. Since … God has nothing in Him of potentiality, but is pure act, His intellect and its object must be altogether the same; (q. 14, art. 2) q. So that He neither is without the intelligible species … r.
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This note was uploaded on 02/01/2009 for the course POLS 1xx taught by Professor Lomperis during the Spring '09 term at Saint Louis.

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Can Necessity Give Rise to Contingency2 - If God is Eternal...

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