201 17 F07 Top APo 102307

201 17 F07 Top APo 102307 - Lecture 17: Aristotle...

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Lecture 17: Aristotle Philosophy of Language, p. 1 Lecture 17: Aristotle Philo of Language : On Interpretation, Topics, Posterior Analytics October 25, 2007 On Interpretation : comments *Aristotelian realism. * Interpretation is about declarative sentences that may be T or F. *Aristotelian square: AEIO On Interpretation chapter 1 “Spoken sounds are symbols of experiences in the soul, and written words are the symbols of spoken sounds. As letters are not the same for all, neither are the sounds the same, but that of which these are the first signs, the experiences of the soul, are the same for all, and those of which these are likenesses, things, are the same for everyone.” Int. 2 *Conventionality of names (vs. “natural” origin of words) *“Indefinite” nouns *Inflections (cases, in Greek and Latin) Int. 3 *Verbs Int. 4 *Sentences and assertions (statements) *The ice in mice is, in Greek, the pig in mouse (mys, ys) Int. 7 *Universals vs. particulars *Square of opposition Int. 9 *Problem about sentences in the future tense: are they T or F now? *(Application of the Law of Non-Contradiction to future tense) *One might conclude that all future events are “logically necessary”, but events are not caused by assertion of propositions per se. *Deliberation and action are causative. *In processes that are not continuously actual, there are potentialities in opposite directions. Real alternatives. *Sea-fight tomorrow.
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201 17 F07 Top APo 102307 - Lecture 17: Aristotle...

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