second midterm

second midterm - 9/30 industrial revolution globalized the...

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9/30 industrial revolution o globalized the entire international system expansion of production (steam engines, etc) made it impossible for the system to grow without globalization mercantilism meant that this new industrial resource should be a source of power mercantilism required colonies o was responsible for urbanization moved from rural life to factory work o created millions of jobs (one textile mill created 3000 different jobs) this upset the social status of jobs (is a locomotive driver the same economic status as a plantation owner?) liberalism o 3 cores: Individual/moral (free man) gave people a universal reason/divine spark which created individual freedom social/economic status could not touch this 3 freedoms (inalienable rights are inherently liberal): o Personal liberty o Civil liberties o Social liberties- no written hierarchy….nothing to keep people from advancing Political (the citizen) “contractual” notion between the ruler and the ruled Divine right no longer gave authority
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The state’s rights over individuals was limited, embedded by 3 factors o Ruling power is given by the people (it is a social contract rather than divine) o There must be representative institutions because citizens are giving their consent to be ruled o To ensure the government never fully takes away a citizen’s private self, liberalism demands constitutionalism (documents that restrain political power) o Rousseau- liberalism meant popular sovereignty (power laid in the people) Economic (consumer) Individuals have the contractual freedom to invest, trade, and build factories without political interference o Liberalism (free trade) and war argues that mercantilism is against the free market argued that free trade would make a more peaceful world free trade brings in products from all over the world o autarky is no longer possible (a completely self-sufficient economy) war will interrupt this flow of goods, so war disrupts free trade that disrupts our livelihood if goods move freely across the world, there will be no need to sequester and control territory political and economic factions favoring protectionism within individual countries will naturally overwhelm them with free trade, we have overcome all of the classic economic reasons for warfare…the only reasons left are political, thus setting up the need for a world government to halt political reasons for war o complex interdependence
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globalization is creating a system of complex interdependence complex interdependence- interactions in which actors or events in different parts of the system affect each other (mutual dependence) 6 ways in which the interdependence operates There are different sources of interdependence o Environmental, military, economic and trade There are different benefits o Some are absolute gains (everyone gets them), some relative, and some negative gains o
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This note was uploaded on 02/01/2009 for the course POLS 1xx taught by Professor Lomperis during the Spring '09 term at Saint Louis.

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second midterm - 9/30 industrial revolution globalized the...

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