a world of states

A world of states - a world of states Sovereign states control the worlds population save 2 million Only nation-states have sovereignty thus

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a world of states Sovereign states control the world’s population save 2 million Only nation-states have sovereignty, thus anarchy on the international scale o No higher power to the international level Anarchy- a system of self-help Nation-states developed out of western history o International law/morality is basically western 3 rd world states are “uncomfortable” because they have no real sovereignty o Nations in “hope” rather than “being” Definition of a nation-state- sovereign territorial political unit o Internal sovereignty- the state is the final arbiter on its people o External sovereignty- the state is the highest unit of authority Characteristics of a state o A government o Borders/territory o Economic system o Common history of shared experience (religion, language, ethnicity, etc.) o Legitimacy Degree of acceptance of a legitimate ruling power by its people Failed states: states that rise up due to ethnicity and rapidly fail (former Soviet Satellites) Role for religion in struggle for sovereignty o Constantine used Christianity to sidestep the Praetorian guard (the Roman Purple) o Threw Christianity into politics
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o Gave the pope in Rome authority over the bishops o Basically stole the power from the ruling class and transferred it to “The Vicar of Christ” o St. Augustine and Gelasian theory of the two swords (secular sword and spiritual sword) Said the Pope basically had rule o Constantine failed at keeping the Roman Empire alive o Charlemagne and the Gauls reconstruct the Roman Empire by having the Pope anoint him Charlemagne takes secular control from Pope after anointment (now answerable to God) o State ran into taxing without use of Church Henry II starts firing bishops and ignites investiture controversy Gregory excommunicates him Henry assigns Anti-Pope in Avignon Starts Babylonian captivity Eventually reunited under 1 pope, but Henry was allowed to elect bishops, establishing his control o Pope attempts to recapture international power with crusades Kings were hesitant due to cost o King Louis of France attempts a crusade on England Pope interdicts France (borderline excommunication of a country) Nobility of England said crusades were no longer legitimate instruments of foreign policy o Leads to protestant reformation Germans heavily taxed by Holy Roman Empire for Church projects in Italy
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By questioning the Pope’s authority challenged Constantine’s religious political authority Peak of Conflict: 30 years War o Peace of Augsburg Princes of an area determine the religion of their people o Defenestration of Prague Catholics wanted to insure a Catholic elector in Bohemia Protestants throw 2 papal representatives out a window to keep Ferdinand out 30 Years War ignited 30 years war o 2/3 German population lost o Most devastating war ever o Catholics capture Heidelburg and secure 3 electors (2 from Bohemia and one
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This note was uploaded on 02/01/2009 for the course POLS 1xx taught by Professor Lomperis during the Spring '09 term at Saint Louis.

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A world of states - a world of states Sovereign states control the worlds population save 2 million Only nation-states have sovereignty thus

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