Moore's Law - Introduction to Information Technology...

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Introduction to Information Technology Management Session 5: Moore’s Law and Disruptive Innovation Instructor: Dr. Raj 09/10/2015
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Learning objectives Make a commitment to learn and share knowledge (and make a good grade as a result) Define Moore’s Law Understand how the price elasticity Recognize and define various terms for measuring data capacity. Consider the managerial implication of faster and cheaper computing Understand the differences between supercomputing, grid computing, cluster computing, and cloud computing. Identify the two characteristics of disruptive innovations. Identify the two characteristics of disruptive innovations. Understand why firms often fail to capitalize on disruptive innovations. Suggest techniques to identify potentially disruptive technologies and to effectively nurture their experimentation and development. Understand the magnitude of the environmental issues caused by rapidly obsolete, faster, and cheaper computing.
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Moore’s Law Gordon Moore (1965) Gordon E. Moore (1929- ) Co-founder of Intel Chip performance per dollar doubles every 18 months Computers are getting smaller Computers are getting faster Computers are getting cheaper
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Moore’s Law Price Performance Ratio of Intel Processors
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Some Definitions MOORE’S LAW • Chip performance per dollar doubles every eighteen months. MICROPROCESSOR • Part of the computer that executes the instructions of a computer program . RANDOM ACCESS MEMORY (RAM) • Fast, chip-based volatile storage in a computing device. VOLATILE MEMORY • Storage that is wiped clean when power is cut off from a device.
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SOME DEFINITIONS NONVOLATILE MEMORY • Storage that retains data even when powered down. FLASH MEMORY • Nonvolatile, chip-based storage. SOLID STATE ELECTRONICS • Semiconductor-based devices. SEMICONDUCTORS • Substance such as silicon dioxide used inside most computer chips that is capable of enabling and inhibiting the flow of electricity. OPTICAL FIBER LINE • High-speed glass or plastic-lined networking cable used in telecommunications.
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Types of Hardware Input devices keyboard, mouse, scanners, video cameras, microphones, etc.
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Types of Hardware Processing devices Central processing unit (CPU): selects instructions, processes them, performs arithmetic and logical comparisons & stores operations in memory Processor manufacturers Intel, American Micro Devices (AMD), ARM-based chip manufacturers
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Types of Hardware Processing devices Random Access Memory (RAM), chip-based memory Volatile memory: Storage (such as RAM chips) that is wiped clean when power is cut off from a device
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Types of Hardware Processing devices Special function cards (enhance basic capabilities) Video cards Ethernet cards
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Types of Hardware Output devices Video displays, printers, audio speakers, overhead projectors, etc.
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Moore's Law - Introduction to Information Technology...

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