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Unformatted text preview: Heirs to the Roman Empire: 6 th and 7 th Century Transitions The Spread of Christianity and Islam- Augustine- The City of God o Ascetic- the ideal that denies that which is human and glorifies Creates a profound distance between us and God • Denial of the flesh of human o Rome fell because it failed to fully live the Christian life o Humans are driven by instinct—animals Not fully living up to the ideals of God o There was still an imperial ambition within the Latin (Catholic) Church after the collapse of the Roman Empire- The Three Heirs to Rome: Byzantium, Western Christendom, Islam o Fragmentation of the former Roman unity Rome had unified the Mediterranean through language (including the language of bureaucracy, law and religion is all in Latin), infrastructure (roads and bridges), common laws and currency, and religion (Christianity post-4 th century, before the Roman religions— Cult of the Emperors ) The immediate aftermath of the so-called “fall” of Rome, nothing really changed • Under the rule of Theodoric the Ostrogoth and the Frankish Merovingians o Christianity was the religion o Latin was the administrative language o Roman conventions and laws governed the soil o The Church service became the focus of the elite (not public service) The previously united infrastructure began to erode • This lead to the to the time period known as the “Dark Ages” o Which was a period of relative constriction and fragmentation in Europe Infrastructure • Was previously well maintained and paid for by tolls and taxes o It was the skeletal system of Roman control over the Western Empire • Infrastructure was replaced by new kinds of societal structure, roads broke down, water distribution system began to crumble o Resulting in a major population decline (emptying of the cities) Literacy decline as well as urban life in general Trade routes dried up and the money economy mostly vanished • When it re-emerged it was more of a divider than unifier (each political entity had its own) • The one exception was the Latin Church o Roman Catholic was not used as a term until after the 11 th century split between Constantinople and Rome (the Great Schism) o Christianity endure the collapse of the Roman Empire The Eastern Roman Empire (based in Constantinople ) remained coherent and organize Became the official religion in 391 AD • Became legal in 313 with the signing of the Edict of Toleration o Rapidly changed the character of those who made up the Christian religion (previously slaves, women, poor people) After 313 (and especially after 391) the converts became more upper-class and powerful (some saw it as a tool for success— based off of Constantine own conversion) • Constantine moved the capital of the empire from Rome to Constantine o Bishop of Rome = the Pope Western Church • Became the cultural and to a certain extent political, unifier • Petrine Doctrine- the primacy of the Bishop of Rome because of his...
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This note was uploaded on 04/17/2008 for the course HIST 12 taught by Professor Andrews during the Winter '08 term at Santa Clara.
- Winter '08