Week 10 Lecture Outline2

Week 10 Lecture Outline2 - Week 10 Notes Transition to...

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Week 10 Notes - Transition to Modernity o Changes to look for Style of government Human rights Economic structure Capitalism Science and technology Secular rulers (class) Kings o Wealth o Education Literacy Class changes Rise of commoners o Bourgeoisie o Proletariats Absolutism Standing national armies Hire bureaucrats o Changing Social Structure Rising Bourgeoisie Meritocratic system o New Money Management Mercantilism Joint stock companies National central banks Commercial capitalism Tulip bubble of 1634-1637 o The Dutch Republic Local authority paramount Republican government Consent of the propertied Religious tolerance o Winners in Triangle Trade Holland’s wealthy middle-class Consumer culture World trade o Tainted Wealth Most wealth is in one way or another the product of the slave trade o Traditional Views Aristotle and Ptolemy
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Geocentric view God = “prime mover” o Copernican Revolution Nicolaus Copernicus (1473-1543) No Ockham’s Razor We’re moving, not the sun Orbits and axes of rotation o Galileo Galilei (1564-1642) Experimentation and observation Described motion mathematically Inertia Telescope o René Descartes (1596-1650) Defense of skepticism Doubting the senses Cogito ergo sum Cartesian dualism - Politics for Modernity: Constitutionalism and Absolutism o James I (1603-1625) Divine right of kings “Kings have power of life and death; they are judges over all their subjects and in all causes, and yet accountable to none but God” Also known as James VI o Charles I (1625-1649) Married Catholic sister of Louis XIII 1640: “Long Parliament” Standoff over Ireland o Civil War (1642-1649) Cavaliers vs. Roundheads “God made men and the devil made kings” o Parliamentary Roundheads Oliver Cromwell “New Model Army” Leveller’s demands Social justice Universal male suffrage Salary for members of Parliament o Trials of Charles I January 30, 1649—he is executed “Guilty of all the treasons, murders, rapines, burnings, spoils, desolations, damages and mischief’s to this nation, acted and committed in the said wars, or occasioned thereby”
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o Puritan Commonwealth and Protectorate 1649-1660 o Thomas Hobbs (1588-1679) The Leviathan “State of nature” Solitary, poor, nasty, brutish and short Social Contract o Restoration (of the Stewarts—Catholics) 1660-1688 Charles II is placed back on the throne Ruled for 25 years (1660-1685) James II (1685-1688) Removed in favor of his daughter (Mary) o The Glorious Revolution (1688) William and Mary William (prince of the Netherlands) and his wife Mary (daughter of James II), took power without any blood shed 1689 Bill of Rights o John Locke (1623-1704) Second Treaties of Government (1690) Theorized constitutional government
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This note was uploaded on 04/17/2008 for the course HIST 12 taught by Professor Andrews during the Winter '08 term at Santa Clara.

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Week 10 Lecture Outline2 - Week 10 Notes Transition to...

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