ANT 121 Lecture Notes Part 3

ANT 121 Lecture Notes Part 3 - ANT 121 Peoples and Cultures...

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ANT 121 Peoples and Cultures of the World Lecture Notes 11/19/07- 12/14/07 FINAL EXAM Friday December 14, 2007 10:30-12:30 am
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ANT 121 Lecture Notes 11/19/2007 What’s It About? Subject: Conflict between Israel – Palestine Thesis: The present conflict is product of political-economic inequality; contemporary geopolitics –Not ancient religious dispute between Jews and Muslims –Arises out of 3-way struggle: •British Colonialism •Jewish Zionism •Palestinian Nationalism The Focus Generally: State Violence Specifically: Imp. of the border, the wall (b/w Israel and the West Bank) in daily life What’s Distinctive: •Ethnography of “state violence” –Ethnography of a militarized border •Ethnography bears moral witness (to help rectify the wrong) –Expand the moral community •Reflexive •Critique Borders •Borders are spatial boundaries –Boundaries divide up experience –Distinguish chalk/cheese; good/bad; us/them •Borders mark the end of one thing and (typically) the beginning of another •On a map: borders delineate one political space from another –Often two like entities with distinct identities Do all groups have bounded territories? • Ju/’hoansi n!ore –Campsite & water source –Huts and hearths –Garbage middens –Near bush –Far bush •Concentric zones •Territory attenuates •Similarly, for Sambia Political Boundaries •Geopolitical lines (on land, water) •Delimiting communities ruled by law, not custom
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•Political boundaries important because the law applies to the area, not to a particular population! –Borders distinguish different “jurisdictions” Are political borders “social constructions?” Permeability of Boundaries 1.Borders differ: –USA and Canada versus USA and Mexico –Borders with the EU versus with non-EU country 2.Borders differentially affect legitimate cross- traffic –People –Goods and Services –Capital –Ideas Geo-Political Background •Prior to 1917: Ottoman Turkish Empire ruled •“Palestine,” used by Roman and Arab rulers, revived by the victorious British (World War I) •Britain receives mandate from the League of Nations to administer Palestine Israel established 1948 •UN Resolution partitions the territory into two states for Jews and Palestinian Arabs. –Arab population 1.2 million –Jewish population 650,000 •Arabs objected to the creation of the Jewish state –Fought a war against it. –The Arab side lost the war, –Palestinian state never really came into being •The territory allotted to “Palestine” taken over by Israel and Jordan. •About 780,000 Palestinians became refugees –Many of them living in the Gaza strip and West Bank –Many flee to Jordan, Syria, Egypt, Lebanon 1967 •Egyptian Pres. Nasser closed straights of Tiran to Israeli ships; threatened a war to destroy Israel •Israel fought Arab neighbors in the 6 Day War •Israel conquered all of the Sinai peninsula and Gaza strip that had been held by Egypt.
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This note was uploaded on 04/17/2008 for the course ANT 121 taught by Professor Freedman during the Fall '07 term at Syracuse.

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ANT 121 Lecture Notes Part 3 - ANT 121 Peoples and Cultures...

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