Buddhist Art in India

Buddhist Art in India - Buddhism, according to Webster...

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philosophy based on the teachings of Siddhartha Gautama, also known as Buddha, who lived between approximately 563 and 483 BCE. It was the first world religion known to history. Beginning in India, Buddhism spread progressively throughout Asia to Central Asia, Southeast Asia, Sri Lanka, China, Mongolia, Korea, and Japan. It generally consists of beliefs to avoid pain and suffering by having peaceful surroundings and spiritual training to promote inner peace either for oneself, or for all beings. Buddha once said, “I teach only two things, O disciples, the fact of suffering and the possibility of escape from suffering” (Ross, 81). The birth of Buddha is depicted, in Bharhut, as his mother, Queen Maya, giving birth to him from her side as she stands leaning beneath a sal tree. It is said in the Buddhist legend that “Queen Maya was ‘immaculately’ impregnated by a white elephant who visited her in a dream, touching her side with a white lotus” (Ross, 101). In Gandhara, the birth of Buddha is still from his mother’s side, but he standing on a lotus base by his mother’s knee and she is seen leaning on a blossoming tree. Wherever he stood, lotus would bloom beneath his footprints. Buddhist art is just as old as Buddhism itself. In early India, it was influenced greatly by Mauryan emperor Asoka who was accountable for the building of several stupas, which are burial or sacred reliquary mounds of brick honoring Budda. The stupa is the most distinguishing monument of Buddhist India. It was designed for pilgrims so they can take a ritual walk, always counterclockwise, on “the Path of Life around the World Mountain”. Therefore the stupa might have been said to represent a cosmic diagram. The stupa was a symbol of the Buddha’s final release from the cycle of birth
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Buddhist Art in India - Buddhism, according to Webster...

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