WK2Disc-HIST 2005 - Week 2 Discussion Hist-2005-2, World...

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Week 2 DiscussionHist-2005-2, World History: 1900-1945At the start of the century Great Britain had all the ingredients to be the super power ofthe new world. "The British people enjoyed the benefits of a highly industrializedeconomy fed by raw materials shipped in from a huge colonial empire", (Chapter 3Pg.32). With an empire that spread all over the world including Australia and NewZealand, they could have made an advance towards Germany and expanded theiragricultural resources, thus changing the future that we know, who knows whereBritain would be if this scenario would have played out.Great Britain was able to achieve stability in the political system, their democratic likesystem of a Parliament, Elected Officials, and a House of Lords was able to give them asturdy capitalist system and allow merchants and tradesmen to invest in foreignpursuits.Britain was also able to keep itself together and avoid civil wars which would ruinother countries and being an island added to the advantage over other countries. Theborders between, for example France and Germany, were moving all the time whereas
once England had consolidated its position on the mainland it could expand where everit wanted. Being an island nation also meant it had to become a maritime nation and fora time ruled the seas as the British song was sang, "Rule Britannia! Britannia rules thewaves," (Chapter 3,pg 35).It’s down side was the separation between the needs of the people and the wants ofthe leaders. "White chalk and alum and plaster are sold to the poor for bread." Workerslived in small, dark and unheated houses. (Chapter 3,pg 34). From the hardships of thelower class worker came protest for better working and living conditions, as well aswomen's rights. "Labour politicians and their political friends in Parliament createdlegislation that limited monopolies, assisted the unemployed, and improved workingconditions."(Chapter 3, Pg.35)References:Goff, R., Moss, W., Terry, J., Upshur, J., & Schroeder, M. (2008). The Twentieth Centuryand Beyond: A Global History (7th ed.). New York: McGraw-Hill
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