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Sexually Transmitted Diseases STD refers to infections that cause symptoms STI encompasses all sexual diseases There has been an increase in STI incidence in CanadaYoung people are most affected by chlamydia, HPV, and trichomoniasis STI stigma– awareness that people are negatively judged for having an STISTI shame– the negative feelings associated with having an STIBacterial infections can be cured through antibiotics (chlamydia, gonorrhoea, syphilis)Viral infections cannot be cured, only the symptoms can be treated (HPV, HIV, HSV, Hep C)STI’sTypeSymptomsComplications Treatment Chlamydia• bacteria spread by contact of both female and male contact•most common bacteria STI•adolescent girls 5x rate•male discharge is usually chlamydia not gonorrhea•MEN: thin, clear discharge. Discomfort peeing.50% of men asymptomatic •WOMEN: 75% of women are asymptomatic •MEN: urethral damage, epidiymitus, Reiter’ssyndrome, proctitis, • WOMEN: pelvic inflammatory disease. Baby born to mum may contracteye infection or pneumonia•Asithromycin or tetracycline (antibiotics)• NOT penicillin - Vaccine developed in mice-screening (more women screened)- CondomsGenital Herpes•viral – herpes simplex virus•transmitted through sex and oral•HSV1 used to be cold sores, and HSV2 was genital, now there is a mixing and HVS1/2 can cause genital•prevalence increases with age- 20% of Canadians infected•painful bumps andblisters•fever, headaches•painful urination•often asymptomatic•HSV1 is usually less severe•symptoms may be reoccurring as virus may go dormant •people are most infectious during an outbreak•reoccurring•meningitis and narrowing of urethra (both rare)•increase chance of HIV•may transmit in birth (vag birth is possible if no outbreak)– can causedeath in child•Acyclovir, Valtrex, famciclovir to treat symptoms•no cure- relaxation techniquesGonorrhea•bacterial•penis/vag sex spreads it•can also affect mouth/throat, •MEN: inflamed urethra (urethritis), white/yellow discharge, burning •infertility, inflamed prostate & seminal vesicles & bladder, epididymis•antibiotics like penicillin•urine samples and swabs
anus and eyes (common in babies which is why they are given silver nitrate.. without a baby could go blind)pee•WOMEN: often no symptoms, vag discharge, painful pee. It mainly infects cervix•may cause pelvic inflammation in women •most common reason for infertility in women detect it•some strands are resistant to penicillin so Cirpro is usedHepatitis B•viral•other types: A, B, C, D & E •B is transmitted through blood, semen, vag, and body fluids. Sharing needles, razors, toothbrushes, sex, tats, peircin•100x more contagious than HIV•jaundice(yellow skin), fatigue, loss of appetite, nausea,pale stools, dark pee•asymptomatic•3types: 1.fight it off and now immune2. short term effects3.chronic effects•liver disease (cirrhosis or cancer)•antiviral drugs•vaccine available