review sheet 2

review sheet 2 - FUNDAMENTALS OF BIOLOGY TEST 1 Ch. 5, 6,...

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OH H FUNDAMENTALS OF BIOLOGY TEST 1 Ch. 5, 6, 7, TEST BANK 1) Polymers of polysaccharides, fats, and proteins are all synthesized from monomers by which process? 2) Which definition best summarizes the relationship between dehydration reactions and hydrolysis? 3) A molecule with the chemical formula C16H32016 is probably a? 4) Lactose, a sugar in milk, is composed of one glucose molecule joined by a glycosidic linkage to one galactose molecule. How is lactose classified? 5) Humans can digest starch but not cellulose because: 6) What are the most important features of large biological molecules known as lipids? 7) Phospholipid is a: H ׀ H-C-OH – FATTY ACID ׀ H-C- OH – FATTY ACID ׀ H-C -OH – FATTY ACID ׀ H Figure 5.3 8) The molecule shown in Figure 5.3 is OH H 3C CH 3 ׀ H CH 2 H CH O ׀ ׀ ׀ ׀ ׀׀ H – N – C – C – – N – C C – OH ׀ ׀ ׀ ׀ H O H H20 Figure 5.5 9) The chemical reaction illustrated in Figure 5.5 results in the formation of a (an): 10) Polysaccharides, lipids, and proteins are similar in that they: 11) What would be an unexpected consequence of changing one amino acid in a protein consisting of 325 amino acids?. 12) All of the following molecules are proteins except 12) ______ A) lysozyme. B) glycogen. C) hemoglobin. D) collagen. E) transthyretin. 13) Which of the following best describes the flow of information in eukaryotic cells? 13) ______ A) proteins → DNA → RNA B) RNA → DNA → proteins C) DNA → proteins → RNA D) RNA → proteins → DNA E) DNA → RNA → proteins 14) What are the main components of a nucleotide?
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15) Which nitrogenous bases are mainly found in the DNA molecule? 16) Which of the following statements best summarizes the structural differences between DNA and RNA? 16) ______ A) DNA is a protein, whereas RNA is a nucleic acid. B) DNA nucleotides contain a different sugar than RNA nucleotides. C) RNA is a double helix, but DNA is single-stranded.
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This note was uploaded on 04/14/2008 for the course BSC 1010 C taught by Professor Solorzano during the Spring '08 term at Valencia.

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review sheet 2 - FUNDAMENTALS OF BIOLOGY TEST 1 Ch. 5, 6,...

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