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Unformatted text preview: Reading Quiz 4 1. The elementary core of the polatch is to assure the production and distribution of wealth among people without a true ruling class. (Page 26) 2.A practical function of the polatch is that it prevents the labor force from falling back to lower levels of productivity that do not provide a margin of safety in times of crisis. It also integrates independent villages and creates an extensive network of economic expectations. The polatch also evens out the annual fluctuations in productivity among villages with different microenviorments. 3.Redistribution is when an individual or group collects wealth or goods and reallocates them to other people, usually those less fortunate. 4.Equality among the sexes is not common. Male dominance appears to be virtually universal. Societies where women have been consistently dominant have not and do not exist. (Page 227) 5.The source of male political power in hunting and gathering societies depends on the controlling and distribution of meat. (Page 227) 6.Equality occurs when both males and females participate in food gathering activities with no individual food distributors and small differences between the rights of sexes. (Page 229) In modern society, women who earn an income and invest in valued resources gain more power and equality (Page 230) 7.A Kpelle moot is an informal hearing of a dispute in front of an assembled group of kinsmen, neighbors, and litigants. (Page 177) 8.A Kpelle moot differs from a traditional court because the solution reached in the moot is more consensual than in the court where the decision is made by the adjudicator. The moot is also conciliatory and therapeutic while the coercive tone of the court limits its effectiveness in dealing with more personal disputes. The airing of grievances is incomplete in courtrooms while being more complete in the moot. This results results in more harmonious solutions for a variety of reasons such as the fact that the hearing happens soon after the breach and in familiar surroundings. The Kpelle moot is effective for domestic and family disputes while traditional courts are effective in the cases of assault, possession of illegal charms, and theft where litigants are not linked. (Page 177) 9.The blessing at the beginning of the moor unites those in common action before the moot. It also focuses attention on maintaining harmony and concentrates on the well-being of the group as a whole. (Page 178) 10.The procedures used in the moot allow harmony because they allow a full airing of grievances. The moot also takes place in familiar surroundings without intimidating symbols of power like robes and writes often found in courts. Investigatory initiative also lies much more with the parties in the moot and more grievances are therefore aired. In the moot, unlike in a court, the matters that are brought out can be broad and considered relevant. (Page 178) 11.Some cash, though not a large amount, is involved in the penalties at the end of the moot. The guilty party's apology takes the form of token gifts like clothing, a few coins, rice, or a combination of all three. The losing party must also pay a fine of wine or rum to the mediator and those who hear the case. The winning party is expected to accept the apology of the losing party and in return give a small gift to the losing party. (Page 178) 12. Some aspects of the Kpelle moot could work in today's society. It would be beneficial if courts were less intimidating and more therapeutic. It would also be beneficiary if the objective of the court rulings were harmony. Other aspects of the Kpelle moot would not work in today's society because they are too informal and people may feel the solutions are unjust and affected by the mediator's or others' biases. There is also nowhere else to turn if a party believes the ruling is unfair unlike in a court system. ...
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This homework help was uploaded on 04/09/2008 for the course ANTHRO 106 taught by Professor Greene during the Spring '08 term at Eastern CT.
- Spring '08
- Cultural Anthropology