China_and_Iran_presentation_stuff

China_and_Iran_presentation_stuff - What are the main goals...

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What are the main goals, strategies, and adjustments in Iran’s policy toward China under the Shah? And in China’s policy toward the Shah’s Iran? Iran’s policy toward China (under the Shah): Main goals: Mohammad Reza Pahlavi (Shah/King of Iran, 1941-1979) wanted to restore Iran to its greatness. To make Iran a “prosperous, industrialized, welfare state with formidable economic and military power” (pg. 29) Massive land reform program—i.e. the “white revolution” (’63); Nationalized oil (’73) “Henceforth (after est. sovereignty over Iran’s oil) the relation between Iran and the Western oil companies was to be that between a seller (Iran) and buyers (the Western companies” (pg. 31) The Shah wanted to increase Iran’s power in the broader Persian Gulf region and create “an environment favorable to achievement of Iranian interests, and then to use Iran’s enhanced position in the Gulf as a stepping-stone to global political status” (pg. 31) become prominent in the  region/regional hegemony o Wanted exclusion of the military bases of the big powers from the Persian Gulf and,  perhaps, the Indian Ocean o To do this, the Shah had to obtain “the support of as many great powers as possible” (pg. 32) o 1970s – had China’s recognition, among others BUT didn’t look to China for economic support (“Iran and China [also] produced basically the same set of export goods in the 1960s and 1970s pg. 33) needed China’s political support b/c “China was a great power that understood military force” (pg. 33) Iran sought to use relations w/ China as a way to keep itself independent of the US (to remain non-aligned when necessary) BUT Iran played up the situation so that it could utilize both nations and their resources when necessary 1969 –
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