Practice+Exam+for+Ch+8++9+10+13+with+Answers

Practice+Exam+for+Ch+8++9+10+13+with+Answers - Name: _...

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Name: __________________________ Date: _____________ 1. Through direct experience with animals, we come to anticipate that dogs will bark and that birds will chirp. This best illustrates: A) the law of effect. B) spontaneous recovery. C) respondent behavior. D) associative learning. 2. John B. Watson believed that psychology should be the science of: A) observable behavior. B) cognitive processes. C) genetic predispositions. D) all of the above. 3. Pavlov noticed that dogs began salivating at the mere sight of the person who regularly brought food to them. For the dogs, the sight of this person was a(n): A) primary reinforcer. B) unconditional stimulus. C) immediate reinforcer. D) conditioned stimulus. 4. Blinking in response to a puff of air directed to your eye is a(n): A) UR. B) US. C) CR. D) CS. 5. Conditioning seldom occurs when a(n) ________ comes after a(n) _____. A) CS; US B) UR; CS C) secondary reinforcer; operant behavior D) negative reinforcer; operant behavior 6. Long after her conditioned fear of dogs had been extinguished, Marcy experienced an unexpected surge of nervousness when first shown her cousin's new cocker spaniel. Her unexpected nervousness best illustrates: A) latent learning. B) spontaneous recovery. C) delayed reinforcement. D) shaping. Page 1
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the sight of toy guns and to the sound of balloons popping. This reaction best illustrates: A) an unconditioned response. B) operant conditioning. C) latent learning. D) generalization. 8. The predictability of an association between a CS and a US facilitates an organism's ability to anticipate the occurrence of the US. This fact is most likely to be highlighted by a(n) ________ perspective. A) evolutionary B) behaviorist C) cognitive D) neuroscience 9. The law of effect was most clearly highlighted by: A) Pavlov's studies of conditioned salivation. B) Garcia and Koelling's research on taste aversion. C) Skinner's experiments on reinforcement. D) Watson and Rayner's findings on fear conditioning. 10. In teaching her son to play basketball, Mrs. Richards initially reinforces him with praise for simply dribbling while standing still, then only for walking while dribbling, and finally only for running while dribbling. She is using a procedure known as: A) generalization. B) partial reinforcement. C) spontaneous recovery. D) shaping. 11. If the onset of a light reliably signals the onset of food, a rat in a Skinner box will work to turn on the light. In this case, the light is a ________ reinforcer. A) partial B) primary C) conditioned D) delayed 12. Negative punishment ________ the rate of operant responding, and negative reinforcement ________ the rate of operant responding. A)
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Practice+Exam+for+Ch+8++9+10+13+with+Answers - Name: _...

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