Exam_Three_Gallary

Exam_Three_Gallary - Exam Three Essay Gallery The following...

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Sheet1 Page 1 Exam Three Essay Gallery The following are sample essay responses for each of the possible essay questions for Exam Three. The sample essay responses represent a wide variety of quality in responses. To study, consult your textbook and the indicated pages while reading the various responses to determine which responses fully answer the essay question. For the exam you are expected to construct your response in your own words using your own examples (when needed). CHAPTER TEN 1. Why do so many people blame victims of tragedy or crime for having brought their misfortunes on themselves? (pg 338-339) a) In order to make sense out of senseless events or feel safe during threatening times, many people need to believe that the world is fair and justice is served. They use the just-world hypothesis to fulfill this need. It is the idea that bad people are punished and good people are rewarded. Many times, this hypothesis leads to blaming the victim of a crime and thinking that he or she must have done something to deserve what happened. For example, sometimes a rape victim is blamed of dressing too provocatively or an innocent bystander who is shot because of being in the way. b) The just-world hypothesis states that bad people are punished and good people are rewarded. It can lead to blaming the victim of a crime for what has happened to them. This idea helps people make sense of events that happen in the world. c) Many people blame victims of tragedy or crime for having brought their misfortunes on themselves because they think bad people are punished and good people are rewarded. Victims deserve what happens to them. d) People will always blame victims of tragedy because they think that they deserved it. e) They will explain this by the just world hypothesis, which states that the world is fair and justice will always prevail. f) People will always blame a victim of tragedy because they believe in the just-world hypothesis. This states that the world is fair and that justice will always prevail. They believe that bad guys will be punished and good guys rewarded. It helps them feel safer when they are uncomfortable. They tend to blame the victim , which means that they think the victim must have done something to deserve what they got. 2. What is the meaning of the Big Lie, and why does it work so well? (pg 342) a) The Big Lie refers to the idea that if something is repeated often enough, even the most blatant lie, eventually the public will believe it. The Nazis named this technique. Its formal name is the validity effect, and it works due to the familiarity effect, or the tendency of people to feel more positive toward an idea that they have seen over and over. b) The Nazis came up with the idea of the
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This test prep was uploaded on 04/13/2008 for the course PSYC 181 taught by Professor Kellerplan during the Fall '07 term at UNL.

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Exam_Three_Gallary - Exam Three Essay Gallery The following...

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