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Separation of Powers Slides - Congress 1 Congress can...

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Separation of Powers Constitutional Reference Article 1: The Legislative Article Article 2: The Executive Article Article 3: The Judicial Article
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Definitions Separation of Powers: Constitutional division of powers among the three branches of the national government. Checks and Balances: Constitutional provisions giving each branch of the national government certain checks over the actions of the other branches.
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Internal Controls of Governmental Power 1. No bill can become law without the approval of both houses. 2. The president may suggest legislation but he cannot, directly, make law 3. Congress can override a presidential veto with a 2/3 vote in each house 4. The President may Convene Special Sessions of Congress
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1. Presidential Appointments must be approved by the Congress 2. Treaties made by the President must be approved by the Senate 3. Only congress can appropriate funds. President must approve Appropriation Bills 4. All executive departments and agencies established must be approved by
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Unformatted text preview: Congress 1. Congress can impeach and remove the president from office (Treason, bribery, high crimes) 2. The president appoints, and the Senate Confirms, members of the federal court and judges (including the Supreme court) 1. Judicial Review : Power of the US Supreme court and federal judiciary to declare laws of Congress and the states and actions of the president unconstitutional and therefore legally invalid. Powers specifically mentioned in the constitution as belonging to the national government. Enumerated Powers : Anti-Federalists Suggested the need for Amendments to the Constitution. 12 were Drafted and Proposed (1789) 10 were Ratified (1791) These 10 Amendments became the Bill of Rights (1789) Constitutional Change 1 Ratification 1 Judicial Interpretation (Supreme Court) * Judicial Review: Is the power of the federal courts to declare laws of Congress, actions of the president and (laws of States) as unconstitutional....
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