8-28 Political Thought slides

8-28 Political Thought slides - The Preamble of the...

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Unformatted text preview: The Preamble of the Constitution of the United States "We the people of the United States, in order to form a more perfect Union, establish Justice, ensure domestic tranquility, provide for the common defense, promote the general welfare, and secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and our posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America" Social Contract The idea that there is an implied Contract between the people who allow themselves to be governed in exchange for protection of their rights and the government protecting their general interest . John Locke on Social Contract Social and Moral Order Governed had the right to re negotiate the terms of the contract. English Philosopher 1632 1704 Renegotiation of the contract or rebellion if necessary Government's Responsibilities Provide Common Defense Promote General Welfare Transfer Income generated by taxes Secure the blessings of liberty Democracy A system of government where by the people govern; either themselves or through representatives. Rule by the many Republic a system of government that allows indirect representation of popular will This form of government removes the citizens from direct involvement by at least 1 representative. Governance Theories Elitism Rule by the few for the benefit of the many (not necessarily elected) Pluralism Rule by the many by association and organization ** This is what we have adopted in Gov. Liberty and Liberalism Individual Liberty Classical Liberalism Classical Liberalism asserts the worth and dignity of the individual and the human ability to determine their own destinies. Liberalism was developed as an attack on the longheld values of: Hereditary privilege, Monarchy, Privileged Aristocracy, The state established church John Locke Argued that even where no government exists, as in a "sate of nature" Individuals possess inalienable rights to "God Given Rights": a. Life b. Liberty c. Property Economic Freedom 1. Make contracts 2. Bargain for services 3. Change jobs 4. Join labor unions 5. Start our own business 6. Spend money Political Freedom To exercise political freedom is: Freely speak out Form political parties Vote Practice your Religion Political Equality Belief that the law should apply equally to all and that every person's vote counts equally. ...
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This note was uploaded on 04/14/2008 for the course HIST/POLS 1301/2301 taught by Professor Drbrown/prof.alexander during the Spring '08 term at Dallas Baptist.

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