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Unformatted text preview: Disability Empowerment
Disability Consciousness Raised Consciousness
False consciousness is when PWD see themselves as the problem This usually means their medical condition Raised consciousness (RC) represents a shift in thinking from viewing themselves in terms of their medical condition to a human condition What models of disability are involved here? Why is it a human condition? Raised consciousness (RC) leads to empowerment By thinking in terms of a social model, the perception of what it means to be an outsider changes Can you see how? Defining Empowerment
The transfer of power, control, and direction of services from the providers of those services to the consumers of those services (West and Parent, 1992; as
cited in Kosciulek, 1999). The process of people who have been rendered powerless developing the skills to take control of their lives (Lee, 1997; as cited in Kosciulek, 1999) A less academic definition is... Nothing about us without us!! Empowerment "Math"
A formula for empowerment Self-determination + Community integration = Empowerment A shorter version: SD + CI = EMP SD + CI + EMP = Empowered Consciousness (EC) Add these three components together EC means acting collectively to serve others through education or creating social structures that fight against the dominant society Raised consciousness + Empowerment = EC A shorter version: RC + EMP = EC Examples
Outsider to insider (raised consciousness); community determination to group empowerment Quote #1 from page 117 Medical model to social model; raised consciousness to empowerment through a collective Quote #3 from page 117-18 "...[T]here's a new definition of disability and it includes power (Cheryl Wade, in NAUWU, p. 120) Disability as Diversity
Raised consciousness in a group leads to a collective culture Hence a Disability Culture is emerging Summary of Carol Gill quote (p. 120): Disability is a marginalized status assigned to people so different they are judged to be abnormal or defective. In the ideal world these differences would be noted but not devalued. A person's experience would be seen as "disability culture" and therefore accepted as part of human diversity. There would be respectful curiosity about a person's experience, and no one would mind being called Disabled. Do you think this will ever happen on a large scale? The Politics of Empowerment
The politics of the disability rights movement incorporate the interconnected principles of: Empowerment and human rights: helping people to find their power and then USE it Integration and independence: Have control over their life and live where they want. Gill (p. 127): "The struggle shouldn't be for integration, but for power. Once we have power, we can integrate whenever we want." Does independence = power? Self-help and self-determination: to control all aspects of their lives without the interference of the able-bodied professionals, and for the professionals to understand their experience The Disability Rights Movement (DRM)
The DRN embodies everything about raised consciousness and empowerment for PWD It is forming and actively carrying out its mission all around the world (see chapter 8) Disabled People's International http://v1.dpi.org/lang-en/ ...
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- Spring '08