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Unformatted text preview: W sCollidin rld o g WORLDS COLLIDING THREE PRE-COLOMBIAN WORLDS NATIVE AMERICA: North American Civilizations Mesoamerica Maya & Aztecs Present US
Remnants No "Great" Civilizations Estimated population by 1492 = 4-6 million people EASTERN NORTH AMERICA MAJOR CIVILIZATIONS Algonquian tribes (largest language group) Iroquois Confederacy Catawba; Creek, Choctaw, Chickasaw; Cherokee IMPORTANT CHARACTERISTICS Semi-sedentary; agricultural & hunter-based economies Territorial Animist belief system Retributive Justice & Ritual warfare THREE PRE-COLOMBIAN WORLDS EUROPE First Contact? Preconditions for Discovery & Conquest... Why Europe? Why in 1492? The Renaissance Powerful & Ambitious Monarchs Emerging Nation-States Trade and Exploration Religion 1492: THE COLLISION YEAR THE FIRST TO MEET THE PRECONDITIONS: Por que? Spain . . . Moorish Spain Ferdinand & Isabella The Reconquista Naval Competition with Portugal Columbus Kingdom of Castile m do g in gon K ra A of ? a Gran da TREATY OF TORDESILLAS, 1494 An agreement that divided the known world between Spain and Portugal The basis of the Spanish Empire in the New World FRENCH AMERICA Interest = primarily trade; Natives Americans = trading partners & political allies Lacked a committed monarch & distracted by civil war Champlain & La Salle SPANISH AMERICA
Spanish Interest = "the Cross & the Crown" Hernan Corts & the Conquest of Mexico, 1519-1521 Encomiendas, centralization and a stratified society THREE PRE-COLOMBIAN WORLDS WEST AFRICA A Large Geographical Area Diversity . . . many different languages & cultures Agricultural-based Economies Well-established Trade Networks First European Contact . . . Portugal, 14th Century THE CONSEQUENCES OF 1492 COLUMBIAN EXCHANGE Biological Exchange--Plants, Animals, Diseases Technological Exchange Restructuring and Destruction of Native Cultures EUROPEANIZATION OF THE AMERICAS THE SLAVE TRADE EUROPEAN HEGEMONY (WORLD DOMINANCE) CREATION OF UNIQUELY AMERICAN CULTURES ...
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