WorldsColliding

WorldsColliding - W sCollidin rld o g WORLDS COLLIDING...

Info iconThis preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: W sCollidin rld o g WORLDS COLLIDING THREE PRE-COLOMBIAN WORLDS NATIVE AMERICA: North American Civilizations Mesoamerica Maya & Aztecs Present US Remnants No "Great" Civilizations Estimated population by 1492 = 4-6 million people EASTERN NORTH AMERICA MAJOR CIVILIZATIONS Algonquian tribes (largest language group) Iroquois Confederacy Catawba; Creek, Choctaw, Chickasaw; Cherokee IMPORTANT CHARACTERISTICS Semi-sedentary; agricultural & hunter-based economies Territorial Animist belief system Retributive Justice & Ritual warfare THREE PRE-COLOMBIAN WORLDS EUROPE First Contact? Preconditions for Discovery & Conquest... Why Europe? Why in 1492? The Renaissance Powerful & Ambitious Monarchs Emerging Nation-States Trade and Exploration Religion 1492: THE COLLISION YEAR THE FIRST TO MEET THE PRECONDITIONS: Por que? Spain . . . Moorish Spain Ferdinand & Isabella The Reconquista Naval Competition with Portugal Columbus Kingdom of Castile m do g in gon K ra A of ? a Gran da TREATY OF TORDESILLAS, 1494 An agreement that divided the known world between Spain and Portugal The basis of the Spanish Empire in the New World FRENCH AMERICA Interest = primarily trade; Natives Americans = trading partners & political allies Lacked a committed monarch & distracted by civil war Champlain & La Salle SPANISH AMERICA Spanish Interest = "the Cross & the Crown" Hernan Corts & the Conquest of Mexico, 1519-1521 Encomiendas, centralization and a stratified society THREE PRE-COLOMBIAN WORLDS WEST AFRICA A Large Geographical Area Diversity . . . many different languages & cultures Agricultural-based Economies Well-established Trade Networks First European Contact . . . Portugal, 14th Century THE CONSEQUENCES OF 1492 COLUMBIAN EXCHANGE Biological Exchange--Plants, Animals, Diseases Technological Exchange Restructuring and Destruction of Native Cultures EUROPEANIZATION OF THE AMERICAS THE SLAVE TRADE EUROPEAN HEGEMONY (WORLD DOMINANCE) CREATION OF UNIQUELY AMERICAN CULTURES ...
View Full Document

This note was uploaded on 04/14/2008 for the course HIST 2113 taught by Professor Johnson during the Spring '08 term at LeTourneau.

Ask a homework question - tutors are online