Bernal, Griffith Joyner D._BSBio1-4_Lesson13_Notes.pdf - ❖...

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Nervous Systemreceives stimuli from the receptors and transmits information to the effectors thatrespond to the stimulationregulates an animal’s performance by integrating immediate incoming sensoryinformation with the stored information, the results of the past experiences, and bytranslating past and present information into action through the effectorsconsists of the brain, brainstem, spinal cord, cranial nerves, peripheral nerves, andgangliaprimarily coordinates activities that enable organisms to survive and reproduce intheir environment by receiving stimuli information from several sources of the bodyCentral Nervous Systemconsists of the brain and the spinal cordPeripheral Nervous Systemconsists of the nerves and ganglia that leave the brain and spinal cordThe Processinteroceptors: gather information and respond to the general sensation of organswithin the internal environmentproprioceptors: a type of interoceptorsinform the central nervous that delivers information to the central nervoussystem about the position of the limbs, and the degree of the bent joints andthe muscles stretchedthis type of information processing is known as the somatosensorysystem. It includes proprioceptors and surface receptors within theskin, which gather the sensations of the coordinating limb and bodypositions during locomotion.exteroceptors: gather stimuli information from the external environment such as thesensationoftouch,pressure,temperature,andthe5sensesthatarebeingtransmitted via the exteroceptors to the brain and spinal cord.

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