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1.Columbian ExchangeThe Columbian Exchange refers to the exchange of plants and animalsbetween Europe and the New World following Columbus’s discovery ofAmerica in 1492.The Spanish began the Columbian Exchange of plants and animalsbetween Europe and the New World. For example, the Spanish firstintroduced horses and gunpowder to the New World. At the same time,New World crops such as corn, potatoes and tomatoes enriched theEuropean diet and lengthen average life spans.2.The Iroquois Nations The Iroquois Confederacy who were Pre-Columbian Native Americansconstituted the most important and powerful North American politicalalliance at the time. The confederacy ended generations of tribal warfare.3. Tobacco1 Tobacco enabled the Chesapeake Bay colonies to become economicallyfeasible.2 Chesapeake Bay tobacco planters initially used indentured servantsimported from England.3 Tobacco was the most valuable cash crop produced in the Southerncolonies until the invention of the cotton gin in 1793.
4.Abigail AdamsThe setting1 Married women had no legal identity apart from their husbands. 2 Abigal Adams was a well-educated woman who was an earlyproponent of women’s rights.Abigal Adams wrote a letter to her husband, John Adams, urging himto “”remember the Ladies“ by granting them greater political and legalrights. Adam’s letter demonstrates that there were colonial womenwho wanted a greater voice in political affairs.5.Anne Hutchinson1 Anne Hutchinson is best known for her struggle with theMassachusetts Bay authorities over religious doctrine and genderroles. She is a noteworthy example of a dissident who challenged theearly Puritans.2 Anne Hutchinson advocated unconventional religious views thatchallenged the authority of Puritan magistrates.3 Claim to have had revelations from God, Anne Hutchinsonquestioned established religious doctrines and the role of women inPuritan society. Massachusetts Bay officials banished AnneHutchinson to Rhode Island.
6.Bacon’s Rebellion1 Bacon led land hungry freemen in Virginia rebelled against the rule ofGovernor Berkeley in 1676. Bacon’s discontented followers challengedBerkeley’s power and burned down Jamestown. Bacon’s sudden deathenabled Berkeley to crush rebels.2 CausesUnsuccessful 1676 revolt led by planter Bacon against Virginia governorBerkeley’s administration because of governmental corruption andbecause Berkeley had failed to protect settlers from Indian raids and didnot allow them to occupy Indian Lands.3 SignificanceBacon’s Rebellion exposed tensions between poor former indenturedservants and the wealthy tidewater gentry.Bacon’s Rebellion persuaded planters to replace troublesome indenturedservants with slaves imported from Africa.