Chapter 6 - Memory - Chapter 6 Memory Questions We Will Be Addressing in This Chapter How does information turn into memories What am I most likely to

Chapter 6 - Memory - Chapter 6 Memory Questions We Will Be...

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Chapter 6 Memory
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Questions We Will Be Addressing in This Chapter How does information turn into memories? What am I most likely to remember? How do I retrieve stored memories? How accurate are my memories? What causes me to forget things? How does my brain change when I store a memory? How can I remember more information?
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The Nature of Memory How does new information turn into memories?
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Basic Memory Processes Encoding -the act of comprehending in order to remember Acoustic codes Visual codes Semantic codes Storage Retrieval Recall Recognition
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Figure 6.1: Basic Memory Processes
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Types of Memory Episodic memory Semantic memory Procedural memory
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Recalling Memories Explicit memory - Anything that you do remember the first encounter; IN YOUR FACE; what youre trying to remember Implicit memory - unintentionally remembering; remember something but not remember experiencing it the first time; BUT YOU HAVE EXPERIENCED BEFORE Priming- when a subject would be flashed a picture of the object but it would help build familiarity when shown later
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Models of Memory Levels-of-processing model Maintenance rehearsal Elaborative rehearsal Transfer-appropriate processing model Parallel distributed processing model Information-processing model
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Figure 6.2: Three Stages of Memory
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Storing New Memories What am I most likely to remember?
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Sensory Memory Holds information long enough to be processed further. Held in sensory registers Helps us experience a constant flow of information, even if that flow is interrupted. Role of selective attention
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Short-Term Memory and Working Memory Short-term memory (STM) stores limited information up to 18 seconds. Working memory allows mental manipulation of information in STM Maintenance component Manipulation component Encoding in STM often, but not always, acoustic What is the storage capacity of STM?
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Figure 6.4: The Capacity of Short-Term Memory Immediate Memory Span Miller’s (1956) “Magic Number”
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Let’s Test Your STM Again
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