chapter13-psyc

chapter13-psyc - Chapter 13 Developmental, Childhood, and...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–9. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Chapter 13 Developmental, Childhood, and Cognitive Disorders
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Perspectives on Developmental Disorders Normal vs. Abnormal Development Developmental Psychopathology Study of how disorders arise and change with time Childhood is associated with significant developmental changes Disruption of early skills will likely disrupt development of later skills Developmental Disorders Diagnosed first in infancy, childhood, or adolescence Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) Learning disorders Autism and Asperger’s Disorder Mental retardation
Background image of page 2
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD): An Overview Nature of ADHD Central features – Inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity Associated with behavioral, cognitive, social, and academic problems DSM-IV and DSM-IV-TR Symptom Clusters Cluster 1 – Symptoms of inattention Cluster 2 – Symptoms of hyperactivity and impulsivity cluster 6 Either cluster 1 or 2 must be present for a diagnosis symptoms must be present prior to age 7 TQ must know age so if someone who is 15 taking a test w/ adhd symptoms that only started about a year ago(age 14) does not have adhd.
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
ADHD: Facts and Statistics Prevalence Occurs in 4%-12% of children who are 6 to 12 years of age Symptoms are usually present around age 3 or 4 2/3 of children with ADHD have problems as adults Gender Differences Boys outnumber girls 4 to 1 Cultural Factors Probability of ADHD diagnosis is greatest in the United States
Background image of page 4
ADHD: Biological Contributions Genetic Contributions ADHD runs in families Familial ADHD may involve deficits on chromosome 20 Neurobiological Contributions: Brain Dysfunction and Damage Inactivity of the frontal cortex and basal ganglia Right hemisphere malfunction Abnormal frontal lobe development and functioning Yet to identify a precise neurobiological mechanism for ADHD The Role of Toxins Allergens and food additives do not appear to cause ADHD Maternal smoking increases risk of having a child with ADHD
Background image of page 5

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
ADHD: Psychosocial Contributions Psychosocial Factors Can Influence the Disorder Itself Constant negative feedback from teachers, parents, and peers Peer rejection and resulting social isolation Such factors foster low self-image
Background image of page 6
Biological Treatment of ADHD Goal of Biological Treatments To reduce impulsivity/hyperactivity and to improve attention Stimulant Medications Reduce the core symptoms of ADHD in 70% of cases Examples include Concerta, Adderall, Metadate, Ritalin, Dexedrine, etc. Other Medications Imipramine and Clonidine (antihypertensive) have some efficacy Straterra (inattention)
Background image of page 7

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Behavioral Treatment Involve reinforcement programs Aim to increase appropriate behaviors and decrease inappropriate behaviors May also involve parent training Combined Bio-Psycho-Social Treatments
Background image of page 8
Image of page 9
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 04/14/2008 for the course PSYCH 3082 taught by Professor Gros during the Spring '08 term at LSU.

Page1 / 53

chapter13-psyc - Chapter 13 Developmental, Childhood, and...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 9. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online