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11 taoism - The Warring States Daoists and their Dao Laozi...

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Unformatted text preview: The Warring States Daoists and their Dao () Laozi, the man, the myth Ideas of the Daode jing Today's Topics A Spectrum of Warring States Thought (some of the "100 Schools") Warring States Daoists Not as politically active or cohesive as Confucians Directly contradicted Confucian teachings with their own "Way" Left many different kinds of texts--narrative, medical, military, etc. Basic meaning: "way," "path," "method" In Daoism: great flow that runs through all things "The way the can be spoken of is not the constant way." All-embracing, all-penetrating Has no beginning & no end Cannot be encompassed by human knowledge, words, or thought Resists all our efforts to define it! The "Dao" (Dao) in Daoism Was there a "Laozi" ("old man")? No, name of a group of people. Who wrote the book? many people Laozi & the Daode jing(Dao Te Ching) D The Dao (Dao) of the Daode jing Could Laozi's way be used by rulers? "The Way is constant..." but humans make themselves unhappy by trying to change, control, and define things. Therefore.... "Non-action" (wuwei h ) is how to achieve... T The main ideas of the Daode jing Tranquility, "going with the flow" of the Dao. Tranquility Caution: Non- action does not mean "do nothing literally."---Instead, spontaneity, naturalness. Could Daoists solve the problems of the Warring States? Could a ruler use some Daoist ideas to make his kingdom a better place? ...
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