Gender Equality Cases

Gender Equality Cases - Gender Equality Cases Bradwell v....

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Unformatted text preview: Gender Equality Cases Bradwell v. State (1873) Summary: Bradwell applied for a license to practice law The Illinois Supreme Court rejected her application She argued that she was entitled to the license by virtue of the privileges and immunities guaranteed to US citizens under the 14th amendment Bradwell v. State (1873) Ruling: Ruled that the right to obtain a license to practice law was not guaranteed by the 14th amendment Agreed that there are certain rights a citizen has that a state cant take away but this wasnt one of them Said the right didnt depend on citizenship Justice Bradley cited the importance of maintaining the "respective spheres of man and woman," with women performing the duties of motherhood and wife in accordance with the "law of the Creator." Frontiero v. Richardson (1973) Summary: Federal law provided that the wives of members of the military automatically received dependents allowance Husbands of female members of the military arent accepted as dependents unless they were dependent on their wives for over one-half of their support Sharron Frontiero (US Air Force) requested for dependent status for her husband but was turned down Frontiero v. Richardson (1973) Ruling: The Court ruled that this clearly commanded "dissimilar treatment for men and women who are similarly situated," violating the Due Process Clause "the very kind of arbitrary legislative choice forbidden by the Constitution." Craig v. Boren (1976) Summary: An Oklahoma law prohibited the sale of nonintoxicating 3.2% beer to males under 21 and to females under the age of 18 Craig was a male between the ages 18 and 21 challenged the law Craig v. Boren Craig v....
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Gender Equality Cases - Gender Equality Cases Bradwell v....

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