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kant, groundwork - Philosophy LE Kant's Groundwork"It is...

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9-29-06 Philosophy LE Kant's Groundwork “It is impossible to think of anything at all in the world . . . that could be considered good without limitation except a good will ” (7). Since a good will is good in itself, it is good even if it does not achieve what it aims it.  Thus, it does not matter whether or not a good person achieves the things at which he aims because a person with a good will doesn’t do his duty in order to bring about good effects in the world—he does his duty just because it his is duty.  If a good will, even “if with its greatest efforts it should yet achieve nothing and only the good will were left. . . then, like a jewel, it would still shine forth by itself, as something that has its full worth in itself” (8). - The worth of a good will does depend on its effects in world: “if with its greatest efforts [a good will] should yet achieve nothing and only the good will were left. . . then, like a jewel, it would still shine forth by itself, as something that has its full worth in itself.  Usefulness or fruitlessness can neither add anything to this worth nor take anything away from it” (8) - a good will conform with the government behaviors which would be a moral principle. - "if with its greatest efforts(a good will ) should you achieve nothing and only the good will were left.. (8)" - a good will still has a - a good person isn't interested into a good efect, he she is just being good - even if it didn't achieve anything in the world - whether or not the good will achieved anything in the world -is not saying when the results have good effects but he is saying whether a good will achieve a good result doesnot determine the goodness of the will. -determine solely by your moral duty whether or not it will bring out the beset result. - - Why do humans have the power to reason? “Now in a being that has reason and a will, if the proper end of nature were [that being’s] . . . happiness, then nature would have hit upon a
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very bad arrangement in selecting the reason of the creature to carry out this purpose” (8-9). - digress, why is that we could reason.. surely not because its the best way to b e happy, he thinks that if nature/god point is to be happy, then instinct would have been better than to having the capacity to reason. “since reason is nevertheless given to us a practical faculty, that is, as one that is to influence the will; then . . . the true vocation of reason must be to produce a will that is good, not perhaps as a means to other purposes, but good in itself, for which reason was absolutely necessary” (10).
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