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nagel, right and wrong notes

nagel, right and wrong notes - Nagel"Right and Wrong To say...

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Nagel, "Right and Wrong" To say its wrong does not mean against the rules - There are rules that stop what is not wrong (i.e. criticizing gov) - There are also rules that enforce something bad (i.e. racial segregation) - idea of wrong/right are different from what is and is not against the rules Where does the desire not to do it come from? what is its motive, the reason behind it? - Effects on others, not necessarily effects on their feelings, but some kind of damage nevertheless - The thought that someting is wrong depends on its impact not just on the person who does it but on other people. What if the person does not care about other people, what reason does he have to refrain from doing anything wrong? - If someone does not care, most of us would not conclude that he's exempt from morality. (i.e. someone who kills someone without caring is not automatically excused) - the fact that he doesn't care doesn't make it all right. but why should he care? - one type of answer tries to identify something else that the person already cares and then connect it to morality. (i.e. punishment/reward from god) Objections to the religious motivation - 1. many people who don't believe in god still make judgment of right and wrong; and think no one should kill. - 2. Murder is wrong in itself, and thats why god forbids it - 3. fear of punishment and hope of reward and even love of god seem not to be the right motives for morality. you should avoid doing bad things because they are bad things
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