ppt_01 - Introduction to Philosophy Brian Weatherson What...

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Introduction to Philosophy Brian Weatherson
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What we’ll be Doing Survey of some of the most interesting issues that philosophers over the millennia have discussed Introduction to the way philosophers think about problems
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God God and suffering God and design Betting on God
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Knowledge How do we know about the external world? How do we know we aren’t dreaming, or in the Matrix? What is the foundation of our perceptual knowledge?
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Minds Do you know other minds exist? Is a mind something distinct from a body? Could something merely material have phenomenal states? Could machines think?
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Morality Is it always moral to produce the best outcomes, or are there other constraints on morality? What moral obligations do states and societies owe to their members?
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Philosophical Method Make arguments, i.e. give reasons Test abstract claims against concrete examples
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Arguments An argument is a connected series of statements intended to establish a proposition Two parts to an argument Premises, which state the reasons being offered Conclusions, which state what is said to follow from those premises
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Every human has a heart George Clooney is human ̶ ̶ ̶ ̶ ̶ ̶ ̶ ̶ ̶ ̶ ̶ ̶ ̶ ̶ ̶ ̶ ̶ ̶ ̶ ̶ ̶ ̶ ̶ ̶ ̶ ̶ ̶ ̶ ̶ ̶ ̶ ̶ ̶ ̶ ̶ ̶ ̶ ̶ ̶ ̶ ̶ ̶ ̶ ̶ ̶ ̶ ̶ ̶ George Clooney has a heart
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