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Rosalind Hursthouse

Rosalind Hursthouse - Rosalind Hursthouse On Virtue Ethics...

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Rosalind Hursthouse, On Virtue Ethics - Virtue Ethics as a distinct normative ethical theory - focuses on possession/ virtues rather than duty/ consequence - suppose, help person who needs help doing that thing will be a virtue - motivation reason ; deontology and consequentialism didn't pay enough on moral education, character, emotion - worry that virtue ethics says be virtuous. - just gives an empty slogan - Defending VE’s claim to be a normative theory: - virtue is agent centered rather than act centered - merely tells us what good agents are act instead of how to behave or act. - the right thing to do is to do what the virtuous agent must do. - consequentialism, deontology :don't stray away tell us how to act. quite similar, the initial claim isn't one that is going to guide your behavior therefore virtual ethics are in par with them. - the reason she is doing this is because the history of 20th centruy have been taken by consequentiaiism and have that virtue ethic isn't a contendor with these two main fields. . - virtue ethic is agent center but not about righ t action an din virtue in that its not in act to guide behavior - defends by that the inital think tha tutilitarin and deontologist tel use don't guide our behavior so they need to be filled out in certain ways, Utilitarianism P1: An action is right iff it promotes the best consequences. - need a sense on which consequences is best, need to know what the best consequence is P2: The best consequences are those in which happiness is maximized. - so act that way. .. Deontology
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P1: An action is right iff it is in accordance with a correct moral rule or principle. - that by itself doesn't provide much guidance BUT, need to know what the moral rule are P2: A correct moral rule is one that . . . a) . . . is laid down for us by God, or b) . . . is universalizable or a categorical imperative, or c) . . . is one that all rational beings would consent to. And so on. Virtue Theory P1: An action is right iff a person who has and exercises certain virtues, would do it. - Begins how we ought to behave we need to know more about the virtuous person and what the virtues are P2: A virtue is a character trait that . . . - what's a virtue, who has virtue. . Hursthouse sums up the situation so far this way: “Comparing the three, we see that we could say, ‘Virtue ethics (in its account of right action) is agent-centered rather than consequences- or rules-centered. It is agent-centered in that it introduces the concept of the virtuous agent in the first premise of its account of right action, where utilitarianism and deontology introduce the concepts of consequences and moral rule respectively” (29). - VE is agent center but that doesn't exclude it from being a normative theory because it gives as much guidance - one might think that VE doesn't give guidance because the thought "do what the virtuous person does" is to obvious. -
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Rosalind Hursthouse - Rosalind Hursthouse On Virtue Ethics...

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