classification3

classification3 - CLASSIFICATION (P. 22-26) - methods of...

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    CLASSIFICATION ( P. 22-26) - methods of grouping things according to similarities or differences. Ex. by size, color, age, etc.
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    Classifying organisms is called taxonomy . - started by Aristotle  in 350 BC. Many disagreements  about the groupings: -by air? -by sea? -by land? Where to put frogs? Geese?
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    Today’s system is called binomial nomenclature (two-name naming) Ex. Canis lupus - created by Carolus Linnaeus . Ex. Canis familiaris
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    Latin was used by scientists and scholars  in the 1700’s. - used today to avoid  the confusion of  using many different  languages. Ex. Spanish moss - not Spanish - not moss
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    The Latin names are an organism’s genus species . Canis     familiaris Genus grouping Species grouping Always   capitalized Always lower case. Most precise “smallest” Can produce offspring Both  italicized
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    Other examples: Felis domesticus Acer rubrum  ‘red maple’ Homo sapiens sapiens Bison bison
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    ASSIGNMENT: READ PAGES 22 - 26.
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This note was uploaded on 04/14/2008 for the course BIOL 322 taught by Professor Hoage during the Fall '07 term at CSU Northridge.

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classification3 - CLASSIFICATION (P. 22-26) - methods of...

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