hw-parent-notes - from Parental Involvement in Homework...

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Sheet1 Page 1 from Parental Involvement in Homework HOOVER-DEMPSEY ET AL.PARENTAL INVOLVEMENT IN HOMEWORK Kathleen V. Hoover-Dempsey, Angela C. Battiato, Joan M. T. Walker, Richard P. Reed, Jennifer M. DeJong, and Kathleen P. Jones article reviews a lot of research on parental involvement (including interventions) in child academic habits (look at tables and references for more about the research that was reviewed) --quotes--- Modeling Parents often serve as salient models from whom children learn. Modeling theory (e.g., Bandura, 1997) suggests that children acquire knowledge of skills, processes, concepts and involvement behaviors, children learn through processes involving attention, retention, symbolic representation of observed events, and subsequent production of related behaviors (Bandura, 1997). Modeling is particularly influential when models are perceived by the child as competent and powerful, possessing skills and abilities that they value, and similar to self (conditions often pertaining to parents and children). Modeling is also particularly influential when the tasks at-hand are unfamiliar or not immediately followed by observable consequences (conditions that apply to much school learning). Familiarity as well as shared history of context and experience often function to make the parent an especially salient and powerful model for the child (e.g., Bandura, 1997). Reinforcement influences student outcomes suggests that behavior patterns occur and are maintained because of their consequences (e.g., Skinner, 1989). Thus, children learn behaviors when they consistently associate them with desired include use of positiveandvalued consequences in response to learning because it increases the likelihood that the child will demonstrate similar skills, attitudes, and behaviors again. Parents are particularly well suited for helping children learn through reinforcement, in part because teachers (because they work with groups of students) may find it difficult to administer contingencies of reinforcement with sufficient frequency or consistency (Skinner, 1989). Parents are well suited also because they often have direct knowledge of reinforcement contingencies effective for the individual child and are often able to respond to behavior directly and immediately Parental Instruction personal capabilities through observation. In observing parentsh
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This note was uploaded on 04/15/2008 for the course SOCIAL WOR -- taught by Professor -- during the Spring '08 term at Abilene Christian University.

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hw-parent-notes - from Parental Involvement in Homework...

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