9 15 - What makes property dualism different from...

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Sheet1 Page 1 Descartes argument for G-d Formal reality vs. objective reality => obscure notion of causation Dualism: The mind is made of a different substance than the body (brain) -not the same thing as mentalism -mentalism: the mind exists -some materialists are mentalists, all dualists are mentalists Mind-Brain Interaction M<=>B Interactionism -cartesian dualism -Judeo/Christian notion M<=B Epiphenominalism M=>B M B Parallelism -Leibniz -two clocks, working simultaneously -no one really holds this view Substance dualism -cartesian -mind is made of mental substance -seperate from but connected to the brain Property Dualism -mind is a non-physical property of the brain (A) Interactive property dualism (B) Epiphenominalism -mind is like a side-effect of the brain
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Unformatted text preview: What makes property dualism different from materialism? ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^ Supervenience- dualists deny it, materialists accept it-if two things have all of the same physical properties then they also have all of the same mental properties-no mental difference without a physical difference-(trying to capture the notion that &quot;there is nothing non-physical going on&quot;)-sometimes called &quot;the generality of physics&quot; Arguments for Dualism 1. from religion-religions require dualism 2. from introspection (Descartes)-M+B just don't seem to be the same -Leibniz's Law of Identity Sheet1 Page 2-If x=y all properties that x has, y has also 3. from behavioral abilities 4. from parapsycology...
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9 15 - What makes property dualism different from...

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