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Animal FarmGeorge Orwell
Chapter 1•All of Orwell’s writing focused ondestroying totalitarianism•Published in 1945•Animal Farm is a Fable:–A story where the characters are lessimportant for individual characteristics andmore important for the characters/peoplewhich they represent–Many of the characters in Animal Farmrepresent real figures from the RussianRevolution
Chapter 1: CharacterizationA.Orwell begins the novel with the third personnarrator, why does he do this?–Show Mr. Jones as a failed leader: corrupt, flawed,complacent•Pg. 25, 34•Jones is symbolic of a leader ripe for take-overB.Indirectly, Orwell also uses personification toforeshadow their downfalls: pgs 26-27•Major: “wise, benevolent” He will not last (27)•Clover: “Motherly” and “loyal” (26)•Boxer: Focus on strength, not intelligence. Representslower class attitude (26)•Benjamin: cynical, doesn’t talk. Represents those whowon’t help or oppose (26)•Mollie: Looks are everything (27)
Chapter 1: Orwell’s Style•Uses plain language and cumbersomeparagraphs to indirectly plant the seeds ofthe revolution•Old Major’s mottos and rules are bought bymost animals but they cannot all be followedC. Satire:–writing that ridicules a person, a group or an ideaD. Allegory:–a narrative in which the characters and settingstand for abstract ideasE. Fable:–a story that teaches a moral; usually short
Chapter 1: ThemeF.The concept of a Revolution–Old Major says it is necessary–Old Major’s one sided facts (28-29)–“Comrade” a direct link to R.R.–Major’s rules solidify the revolt and they are the reason that it fails!G.The Rules:–No animal shall live in a house–No animal shall sleep in a bed–No animal shall wear clothes–No animal shall drink alcohol–No animal shall smoke–No animal shall engage in trade–No animal shall tyrannize another animal
Chapter 2A.Old Major’s Death:–Very important because it allows the youngerfigures to take control–He is an idealist and one would always wonderhow the revolution would have gone with himthereB.The Hesitant Animals:–These animals represent the peasants in Russia(26)–Don’t want to give up the security of their currentgovernment for the unknown
Chapter 2C.The Importance of Persuasion-Squealer:–Squealer could “turn black into white”–Squealer is persuasive and cunning–Through Squealer, Orwell shows that charismaand persuasive speakers are very important–He tells animals what they want to hear; Raventells tales; Snowball is very firm with Mollie–How would Squealer have handled Mollie?
Chapter 2D.Shakespearean Influence:–Power of three (major dies three nightslater, three pigs in control)–Buried in the orchard–Rebellion begins on a midsummer’s eve(alaMidsummer Night’s Dream)