DANTE STUDY GUIDE

DANTE STUDY GUIDE - Canto XIX Explain, in detail, how the...

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Canto XIX · Explain, in detail, how the punishment of the simoniacs is fitting on several symbolic levels. Feet stuck out of each hole (the sinner was buried head-downwards in the rock) and the feet were on fire, and kicked and writhed desperately · Notice how the corporeal Dante interacts here with the shade of Virgil. · Explain the references here to Nicholas III, Boniface VIII, and Clement V. Dante asked the sinner to speak, and was surprised to hear himself addressed as Boniface: evidently the speaker expected Pope Boniface to join him there in punishment. · In what manner does Dante address Nicholas? Why do you think he is this strong in his rebuke? Dante was so angry at the extent of the corruption that he attacked the sinner ( Pope Nicholas III ) and all other simoniacal popes in a scathing invective, accusing them of trampling on the good and lifting up the wicked. Nicholas III kicked his heels in response and Virgil , pleased with Dante, carried him up to the next valley. · Pay especially careful attention to the numerous Biblical references in this Canto, notably Acts 1 & 8, Revelation 17, and II Maccabees 4. · Explain the connection between the conversion of Constantine and the beginning of the Church’s wealth. They had introduced the seven headed one who sits on the waters into the world. Dante lamented the fact that Constantine had given the early pope a treasure. Canto XX
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DANTE STUDY GUIDE - Canto XIX Explain, in detail, how the...

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