Criminal Justice Review Sheet 1

Criminal Justice Review Sheet 1 - 1. Be able to define the...

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1. Be able to define the term “crime.” Crime – A conduct that violates criminal law, for which there is no legally, accepted justification or excuse. 2.What are the 3 core components of the American Criminal Justice System? a. Law enforcements (cops) b. Courts c. Corrections 3.Be able to define and discuss the concepts of Civil Justice and Criminal Justice. Civil Justice – The civil law, the law of civil procedure, and the array of procedures and activities having to do with private rights and remedies sought by civil action. Punitive = punish your wrong “money” (cant measure) Compensatory = compensate you for anything you paid out of pocket Criminal Justice – Concern for violations of the criminal law 4.Be able to discuss the Consensus Model and the Conflict Model. What do they tell us? Consensus Model – a criminal justice perspective that assumes that the system’s components work together harmoniously to achieve the social product we call justice. [Wikipedia: argues that the organizations of a criminal justice system either do, or should, work cooperatively to produce justice, as opposed to competitively.] --It tells us that it assumes that each of the component parts of the criminal justice system strives toward a common goal and that the movement of cases and people through the system is smooth due to cooperation between the various components of the system. Conflict Model – a criminal justice perspective that assumes that the system’s components function primarily to serve their own interests. According to this theoretical framework, justice is more a product of conflicts among agencies within the system than it is the result of cooperation among component agencies. [Wikipedia: argues that the organizations of a criminal justice system either do, or should, work competitively to produce justice, as opposed to cooperatively.] -- It tells us that the goals of individual agencies often conflict, and pressures for success, promotion, pay increases and general accountability fragment the efforts of the system as a whole, leading to a criminal justice non- system
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5. Be able to define “probable cause.” ..a set of facts a circumstances that would induce a reasonably intelligent and prudent person to believe that a particular other person has committed a specific crime. (a) the crime has been committed
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This note was uploaded on 04/17/2008 for the course PBJ 101 taught by Professor Dianebrand during the Fall '07 term at SUNY Oswego.

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Criminal Justice Review Sheet 1 - 1. Be able to define the...

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