Industrial RevolutionThe previous century, the 20th century, was the important period for humanity. It was a periodof turmoil. There were two big world wars and at the end of that two powers emerged. Inorder to understand the events took place in the 20th century, we should look at the 19thcentury. Firstly, we will deal with Industrial Revolution because the impact of the IndustrialRevolution is very important. As an outcome of Industrial Revolution, we talk about certainchanges that occurred in the lifestyle of people, in politic, in technology, in economy and inrelation to that in appearance of new social classes in the society.It is a commonplace of any history textbook that the world’s firstindustrial revolution took place in Britain. Yet this simpleassertion leads quickly to the more complex question: why?What was unique about Britain? What qualities – political,economic, cultural, geographical, or ecological – did Britainpossess that predisposed it towards early industrialisation?Instead of the different parts of the world why did IndustrialRevolution appear, develop in Britain? Or to put the questionanother way: what was missing in other countries so that theirindustrialisation was either delayed until the second half of thenineteenth century, or indeed had failed to occur by the century’send at all? What is so important about that tiny island? Whatcould be the factors for the development of the IndustrialRevolution in Britain?1
GEOGRAPHYBritish Islands is a group of islands in the Atlantic Ocean off the coast of Continental Europe.It includes Ireland, Great Britain, the Isle of Man, Shetland, Orkney, and thousands of smallerislands. Because it is a tiny piece of land, transformation and the communicationarerelatively much easier when you compare to the continental Europe and the USA. Thus,geographicallyEnglandhasanadvantageous position for the spread ofindustrial revolution or the spread of theoutcomes of Industrial Revolution. Therewere riversalong the island. Thus, theybuilt bridges. They also used new modesof transport like canals and then therailroads. It did not take a long time tobuild such an infrastructure to carry sucha long distance place to another. (Theystarted that sort of an infrastructure in themid-17thcentury and they continue todevelop Britain’s transportation for 200 years – bridges, canals, railroads – (Not only publicinvestment but also private investment was made.) By 1850, the canal network covered 4.0002
miles. The island had important ports and it was also important aspect for the import and theexport of the certain goods for the dynamic development of the Industrial environment inBritain. Thus, geography is important and the Britain had sort of an advantageous position inrelation to as geographical situation and the rivers...etc.