Lecture 1 - Industrial Revolution The previous century the 20th century was the important period for humanity It was a period of turmoil There were two

Lecture 1 - Industrial Revolution The previous century the...

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Industrial Revolution The previous century, the 20th century, was the important period for humanity. It was a period of turmoil. There were two big world wars and at the end of that two powers emerged. In order to understand the events took place in the 20th century, we should look at the 19th century. Firstly, we will deal with Industrial Revolution because the impact of the Industrial Revolution is very important. As an outcome of Industrial Revolution, we talk about certain changes that occurred in the lifestyle of people, in politic, in technology, in economy and in relation to that in appearance of new social classes in the society. It is a commonplace of any history textbook that the world’s first industrial revolution took place in Britain. Yet this simple assertion leads quickly to the more complex question: why? What was unique about Britain? What qualities – political, economic, cultural, geographical, or ecological – did Britain possess that predisposed it towards early industrialisation? Instead of the different parts of the world why did Industrial Revolution appear, develop in Britain? Or to put the question another way: what was missing in other countries so that their industrialisation was either delayed until the second half of the nineteenth century, or indeed had failed to occur by the century’s end at all? What is so important about that tiny island? What could be the factors for the development of the Industrial Revolution in Britain? 1
GEOGRAPHY British Islands is a group of islands in the Atlantic Ocean off the coast of Continental Europe. It includes Ireland, Great Britain, the Isle of Man, Shetland, Orkney, and thousands of smaller islands. Because it is a tiny piece of land, transformation and the communication are relatively much easier when you compare to the continental Europe and the USA. Thus, geographically England has an advantageous position for the spread of industrial revolution or the spread of the outcomes of Industrial Revolution. There were rivers along the island. Thus, they built bridges . They also used new modes of transport like canals and then the railroads . It did not take a long time to build such an infrastructure to carry such a long distance place to another. (They started that sort of an infrastructure in the mid-17 th century and they continue to develop Britain’s transportation for 200 years – bridges, canals, railroads – (Not only public investment but also private investment was made.) By 1850, the canal network covered 4.000 2
miles. The island had important ports and it was also important aspect for the import and the export of the certain goods for the dynamic development of the Industrial environment in Britain. Thus, geography is important and the Britain had sort of an advantageous position in relation to as geographical situation and the rivers...etc.

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