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First Essay - Scott M Welch Dr Wettemann History 2320 North...

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Scott M. Welch July 15, 2006 Dr. Wettemann History 2320 North, South, West the Four Decades Post Civil War The Civil War brought many changes to the face of the United States, some of these changes lasted for a short time while others lasted for decades. All these changes shaped the politics, people, and economics of the United States forever. This essay will begin with the immediate changes in politics after the war, continue to the development of the three sects of America, and finish with a focus on big business. “My mother, who was standing by my side, leaned over and kissed her children, while tears of joy ran down her cheeks. She explained to us what it all meant, that this was the day for which she had been so long praying, but fearing that she would never live to see.” (Washington) These words were written down by Booker T. Washington shortly after his family was told the Emancipation Proclamation had been signed by President Abraham Lincoln in 1863. The political front during this time was rapidly changing and comprised of four major parties that wanted control of the Union. In 1860 one of these parties was voted into the office of Presidency. President Lincoln takes office with strict plans for reconstruction of the South once the war ended. He stated these plans well before the war came to a close, these plans followed in line with the Moderate Republicans. This party wanted to enforce a system of mild repercussions for the southern people and did not believe a harsh punishment was appropriate. The three parties he was mostly faced with in political debate were: Radical 1
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Republicans, those who wanted harsh retributions paid by the south; War Democrats, those who felt there should be little to no retributions for the south; and Southern Democrats, these were the leaders of the south before, during and after the war. The
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