glossary1 - April 15, 2008 Glossary Matt Brickell Mendelian...

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April 15, 2008 Matt Brickell Glossary Mendelian genectics: It is the area of genetics that studies the expressions of phenotypes and genotypes and their inheritance. It was based on experiments with peas. Microevolution: Evolution in small amounts. Evolving different abilities and traits one at a time as opposed to all together. DNA: A molecule that has the genetic code for the biological structures of the human body. It is based on sugars bonded together in a double helix Bases: The units that make up DNA. There are four bases ACGT and there are only two possible pairs AT and CG RNA: The molecule that translates the DNA sequencing for protein synthesis. I also has four bases, ACGU Messenger RNA: The form of RNA that carries the instructions of the DNA for protein syntheis. Transfer RNA: Joins tgether with mRNA to produce a specific protein based on mRNA’s sequence Chromosome: A large strand of DA that is found in the nucleus of the cell. They appear in pairs and humans have 23 pairs
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glossary1 - April 15, 2008 Glossary Matt Brickell Mendelian...

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