Poly Sci Final - McCulloch v Maryland(1819 The state of...

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McCulloch v. Maryland (1819) The state of Maryland brought an action against James William McCulloch, a cashier in the Maryland branch of the  Bank of the United States, for not paying a tax the state had imposed on the United States Bank. Issue:  Whether the state of Maryland had the right to tax a federal agency which was properly set up by the United  States Congress. Decision : In a unanimous decision, the Supreme Court of the United States ruled that the power to tax involves the  power to destroy, and that the federal governments national bank was immune to state taxation. The Court reasoned  that Congress could set up a United States Bank and write laws necessary and proper to carry out its constitutional  power to coin and regulate money. Marbury vs. Madison (1803) President John Adams made a series of midnight appointments to fill as many government posts as possible with  Federalists. One of these appointments was William Marbury as a federal justice of the peace. However, Thomas  Jefferson took over as President before the appointment was officially given to Marbury. Jefferson, a Republican,  instructed Secretary of State James Madison to not deliver the appointment. Marbury sued Madison to get the  appointment he felt he deserved. He asked the Court to issue a writ of mandamus, requiring Madison to deliver the  appointment. Decision
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This note was uploaded on 04/17/2008 for the course POLY SCI 100 taught by Professor Hardy during the Spring '08 term at Western Illinois University.

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Poly Sci Final - McCulloch v Maryland(1819 The state of...

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