LER 100 Exam 3CONFLICT IN THE LABOR MARKETEmployee---want to sell their labor for as much as possibleEmployers---want to buy labor for as little as possible.WAYS AN EMPLOYEE CAN INFLUENCE WHAT AN EMPLOYER PAYSFind a better offer(EXIT!)orTry to change the situation-Individually??? -Collectively(VOICE!)EMPLOYMENT RELATIONS SYSTEMA system by which employees and employers interact at the workplace toestablish terms and conditions of employment.PLAYERS:Employers Labor (Employees & Unions) GovernmentBeginnings of the Employer-Employee Relationship:-- First Union in America 1794 Philadelphia Cordwainers --First Strike in America 1798 Philadelphia Cordwainers CORDWAINER DOCTRINE or CONSPIRACY DOCTRINE -1806-declares unions to be illegal“Yellow dog contract” signing a statement saying you wont form a union otype of loyalty oenforce these contracts oContractual relationship COMMONWEALTH v. HUNT -1842-Individuals had been given the right to organize into trade unions. Unions were seenas conspiracy organizations before that and Shaw made it legal. In addition, unionscould require closed shops. ( individuals who work for a particular business were partof their union)First National Unions (1860’s) is the National Labor UnionTHE MOLLY MAGUIRES (1870s)A secret organization of coal miners in the anthracite coal regions ofeastern Pennsylvania and West Virginia.
19 HANGED IN POTTSVILLE AND MAUCH CHUNK in 1877-79Importance:-crushed miners’ union for years -emphasized growing strength of business-Government-Business conspiracy AMERICAN FEDERATION OF LABOR 1886 (AFL)A Federationof craft unions--pure and simple unionism--organize only SKILLED workers--work within the System--economic action (Strike)***HOMESTEAD STRIKE (LOCKOUT) of 1892****The Homestead strike, in Homestead, Pennsylvania, pitted one of the most powerfulnew corporations, Carnegie Steel Company, against the nation’s strongest trade union,the Amalgamated Association of Iron and Steel Workers. An 1889 strike had wonthe steelworkers a favorable three-year contract; but by 1892 Andrew Carnegiewasdetermined to break the union. His plant manager, Henry Clay Frick, stepped upproduction demands, and when the union refused to accept the new conditions, Frickbegan locking the workers out of the plant.Importance:-steel union broken-Gov’t-Business conspiracy reinforced-negative public reaction to unions-use of strikebreakers10.16.14 Labor History IIWas there a societal need for unions in the 1870s?LIFE IN THE 1890sMENWOMEN---Steel Mill---Textile Mill---12hr/day, 7 days/week---10 hr/day, 6 days/week---No breaks; 30 min lunch---No breaks; 30min lunch---Make $450, $500 poverty line for oneperson---Make $200, $500 poverty line for oneperson---Live in one room with 12 others---Live in one room with 12 others---Unsafe work, 165 killed in Pitts---Unsafe work; Sexual harassment thenorm---11,13,14 year olds work---11,13,14 year olds work
---No pension, work until you die---No pension, work until you die1935 Congress of Industrial Organizations (CIO) Not an union, is a federationof unions Birthplace: Convention Hall Atlantic City October 1935John L. Lewis