LER Exam 3 - LER 100 Exam 3 CONFLICT IN THE LABOR MARKET...

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LER 100 Exam 3 CONFLICT IN THE LABOR MARKET Employee---want to sell their labor for as much as possible Employers---want to buy labor for as little as possible. WAYS AN EMPLOYEE CAN INFLUENCE WHAT AN EMPLOYER PAYS Find a better offer (EXIT!) or Try to change the situation -Individually??? -Collectively (VOICE!) EMPLOYMENT RELATIONS SYSTEM A system by which employees and employers interact at the workplace to establish terms and conditions of employment. PLAYERS: Employers Labor (Employees & Unions) Government Beginnings of the Employer-Employee Relationship: -- First Union in America 1794 Philadelphia Cordwainers --First Strike in America 1798 Philadelphia Cordwainers CORDWAINER DOCTRINE or CONSPIRACY DOCTRINE -1806- declares unions to be illegal “Yellow dog contract” signing a statement saying you wont form a union o type of loyalty o enforce these contracts o Contractual relationship COMMONWEALTH v. HUNT -1842- Individuals had been given the right to organize into trade unions. Unions were seen as conspiracy organizations before that and Shaw made it legal. In addition, unions could require closed shops. ( individuals who work for a particular business were part of their union) First National Unions (1860’s) is the National Labor Union THE MOLLY MAGUIRES (1870s) A secret organization of coal miners in the anthracite coal regions of eastern Pennsylvania and West Virginia.
19 HANGED IN POTTSVILLE AND MAUCH CHUNK in 1877-79 Importance: -crushed miners’ union for years -emphasized growing strength of business -Government-Business conspiracy AMERICAN FEDERATION OF LABOR 1886 (AFL) A Federation of craft unions --pure and simple unionism --organize only SKILLED workers --work within the System --economic action (Strike) ***HOMESTEAD STRIKE (LOCKOUT) of 1892**** The Homestead strike, in Homestead, Pennsylvania, pitted one of the most powerful new corporations, Carnegie Steel Company, against the nation’s strongest trade union, the Amalgamated Association of Iron and Steel Workers . An 1889 strike had won the steelworkers a favorable three-year contract; but by 1892 Andrew Carnegie was determined to break the union. His plant manager, Henry Clay Frick , stepped up production demands, and when the union refused to accept the new conditions, Frick began locking the workers out of the plant. Importance: -steel union broken -Gov’t-Business conspiracy reinforced -negative public reaction to unions -use of strikebreakers 10.16.14 Labor History II Was there a societal need for unions in the 1870s? LIFE IN THE 1890s MEN WOMEN ---Steel Mill ---Textile Mill ---12hr/day, 7 days/week ---10 hr/day, 6 days/week ---No breaks; 30 min lunch ---No breaks; 30min lunch ---Make $450, $500 poverty line for one person ---Make $200, $500 poverty line for one person ---Live in one room with 12 others ---Live in one room with 12 others ---Unsafe work, 165 killed in Pitts ---Unsafe work; Sexual harassment the norm ---11,13,14 year olds work ---11,13,14 year olds work
---No pension, work until you die ---No pension, work until you die 1935 Congress of Industrial Organizations (CIO) Not an union, is a federation of unions Birthplace: Convention Hall Atlantic City October 1935 John L. Lewis

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