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1)THE HOBBITThe Hobbit is an adventure novel by author J.R.R Tolkien. Like many highfantasy novels, it meets all the required motifs to be classified as such. These motifsinclude presence of magic, other worlds, idea of good versus evil, heroism, specialcharacter types and fantastic objects. The heroism in this novel is not without agrand quest, and of course the presence of hero. However, unlike most other fantasynovels the focus is not on the development of the quest, although it plays a largepart, but rather the development of the hobbit Bilbo Baggins, the central character inthis novel, which of course evident from the novel’s title. Tolkien introduces Bilbo firstly through his family history. Bilbo is theproduct of two family unions, the Baggins and the Tooks. The Baggins are highlyrespected by all hobbits because they meet all of the values that a proper hobbitshould have, as accepted by society. The Baggins are rich, quite boring andpredictable folks who stray from any adventure, while the Tooks who are seen as aless respectable family, are eccentric and more prone to adventures. It is seen earlyon that this difference between his familial values puts him at a divide internally.This is most prominent right at the beginning when Gandalf and the dwarfs first visithim. Bilbo is comfortable in his hobbit hole and quite content following societiesexpectations. Therefore it is not surprising to see him initially turn down Gandalf’srequest for an adventure, the dwarfs themselves do not believe in Bilbo either,thinking that he is not cut out for the tasks ahead. However, he eventually becomesinvolved with the adventure, this further amplifies Gandalf’s idea that there is more
then meets the eye when it comes to Bilbo, as no one expected him to even comealong. Tolkien establishes character roles in the first chapter by showing howdifferent the main characters are. The dwarfs are always ready to face challengeshead on, but Bilbo takes his time to think things through and analyzes situationscarefully. Tolkien presumably sets it up this way so the readers can see how Bilboslowly changes and becomes more courageous like his counterparts. This is firstshown when Bilbo meets the trolls to steal their money, his first official act ofburglary. When the dwarfs get caught, it is Bilbo’s quick thinking that free them bycausing the trolls to argue till sunrise. The readers and the dwarfs see that there is infact more to Bilbo then what is presently seen right now, and it brings him closer tobeing equal in stance with dwarfs, in terms of their bravery.A major change in Bilbo’s character is when he acquires the ring and meetsGollum. The ring makes Bilbo appear to be more invincible and powerful, words thatone would not associate with a comfortable hobbit. With the help of the ring hebecomes invisible to all and is able to escape the goblins while running away fromGollum. The ring also acts as catalyst for Bilbo’s burglary skills. This is first