9781111969752_TB_ch01 - Chapter 1 An Overview of Computers and Programming TRUE\/FALSE 1 Software can be classified into two broad types application

9781111969752_TB_ch01 - Chapter 1 An Overview of Computers...

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Chapter 1: An Overview of Computers and ProgrammingTRUE/FALSE 1.Software can be classified into two broad types: application software and programming software. PTS:1REF:2 2.Every programming language has rules governing its word usage and punctuation. PTS:1REF:3 3.Besides the popular, comprehensive programming languages such as Java and C++, many programmers use scripting languages such as Python, Lua, Perl, and PHP. PTS:1REF:4 4.Professional computer programmers write programs to satisfy their own needs. PTS:1REF:8 5.The heart of the programming process lies in planning the program’s logic. PTS:1REF:9 6.Once a program is completely coded, it is ready for a company or organization to use. PTS:1REF:13 7.A flowchart is an English-like representation of the logical steps necessary to solve aproblem. PTS:1REF:14 8.An infinite loop is a flow of program logic that repeats and never ends. PTS:1REF:18 9.Alan Turing is often regarded as the first programmer. PTS:1REF:26 10.Programmers can use either procedural programming or object-oriented programming to develop programs. PTS: 1 REF: 26 MULTIPLE CHOICE 1. ____ data items may involve organizing or sorting them, checking them for accuracy, or performing calculations with them.
PTS:1REF:2 2.____ errors are relatively easy to locate and correct because the compiler or interpreter you use highlights every error. PTS:1REF:3 3.If you use an otherwise correct word that does not make sense in the current context, programmers say you have committed a ____ error. a.syntaxc.semanticb.logicd.programmingANS: BPTS:1REF:5 4.A(n) ___ is a named memory location whose value can vary. PTS:1REF:6 5.Computer programmers often refer to memory addresses using ____ notation. PTS:1REF:7 6.Before a programmer plans the logic of the program, he or she must ____. PTS:1REF:8 7.After a programmer plans the logic of a program, the next step is ____. a.understanding the problemc.translating the programb.testing the programd.coding the programANS: D PTS: 1 REF: 10

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