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What are you looking for?COVID-19 UPDATES2020 SURVEY PROMOSTYLETHE GOOD LIFECULTUREFOOD & DRINKWHEELSMONEYLONG READSLIFEPOLITICSAbout UsTerms of UsePrivacy Policy© 2019 ESQUIREMAG.PH, ALL RIGHTS RESERVEDLONG READSHistory of the Worst Earthquakes in the Philippinesby MARIO ALVARO LIMOS|APR 23, 2019SharesADVERTISEMENT - CONTINUE READING BELOW
The Philippine archipelago was formed as a result of the collision of the Eurasian Plate on the west andthe Pacific Plates in the east, which subsequently also formed the Philippine Plate. In other words, theentire archipelago was born out of earthquakes.Earthquakes are so common in parts of the archipelago that it became a part of ancient Filipinos’mythology. There are at least five deities in Philippine mythology that were said to cause earthquakes.The Ifugaos have a god, Kolyog, who is believed to be responsible for earthquakes. Kolyog is consideredby Ifugaos as the spirit of earthquakes.Panlinugun, a Visayan deity, is considered as the god of the Underworld and of Earth and is believed tocause earthquakes.Lakanapi is a fire god known to ancient Kapampangans as a dragon serpent that moves in the veins ofthe Indung Tibuan, the mother earth goddess, causing her to move and produce earthquakes.ADVERTISEMENT - CONTINUE READING BELOWDumakulem, a god in Tagalog mythology, is known as the sky god who creates mountains. AncientTagalogs believed that whenever there was an earthquake, Dumakulem was creating mountains. It isremarkable how ancient Tagalogs associated earthquakes with the creation of mountains, which isscientifically true.These various mythological beliefs point to the fact that ancient Filipinos are no stranger to frequentearthquakes, which they have incorporated into their rich cultural heritage. As scientific knowledgeadvanced, these beliefs gradually faded.In this seismic map of the Philippines created by Ralph Abainza, active faults, trenches, and earthquakes'epicenters from 1968 to 2018 are shown.IMAGE: RALPH ABAINZA
In a span of only 50 years, we can see that the Philippines has had thousands of earthquakes withsignificant magnitude to be recorded. In the following, we remember some of the worst earthquakesthat devastated the country.1990 Luzon EarthquakeIMAGE Wikimedia CommonsIt was late Monday afternoon and people were just preparing to go home from work when tragedystruck: a magnitude 7.8 earthquake shook Luzon, with its epicenter in Nueva Ecija. Its effects were mostfelt in Baguio, Cabanatuan, Dagupan, and La Union.Baguio suffered the most damage – the earthquake collapsed 28 buildings, damaged roads, and causedlandslides that blocked Kennon Road and Marcos Highway, the two main roads to access Baguio from thecapital. It virtually cut off Baguio from relief, and the only way to go in was by air.

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