SG14 - AMH 2010 Chapter 14 Study Guide#14 Chapter 14 Now That We Are Free Reconstruction and the New South 1863-1890(only pages 404-427 Abraham Lincolns

SG14 - AMH 2010 Chapter 14 Study Guide#14 Chapter 14 Now...

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AMH 2010 Chapter 14 Study Guide #14 Chapter 14 – Now That We Are Free: Reconstruction and the New South, 1863-1890 (only pages 404-427) Abraham Lincoln’s Ten Percent Plan !  anxious to reconstruct the South, Lincoln offered generous terms for Southern reintegration on December 8, 1863 !  his Ten Percent Plan pardoned almost all Southerners, as long as took an oath pledging loyalty to the Union and support for emancipation Radical Republicans Wade-Davis Bill and the “Ironclad” Oath !  Radical Republicans were reluctant to allow the South go unpunished, and have Confederate leaders assume positions of influence ! high-ranking Confederate army officers and government officials would lose their citizenship, franchise rights, and be barred from political office !  the Wade-Davis bill required 50 percent of 1860 voters to take an ironclad oath of allegiance swearing they had never voluntarily aided the rebellion !  also required a state constitutional convention before the election of state officials !  included specific safeguards of freedmen s liberties The Thirteenth Amendment !  Congress passed the Thirteenth Amendment in January 1865 (ratified in December 1865),abolishing slavery throughout the U.S. !  no financial compensation for slaveholders General Howard and Freedmen’s Bureau !  Congress established the Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands in March 1865to provide relief agency for the war-ravaged South !  led by General Oliver O. Howard offered emergency services, built schools, managed confiscated lands, negotiated labor contracts, and operated courts involving African-American litigants !  intended to assist freedmen in acclimating to their circumstances, the Freedmen s Bureau was meant to exist for only a year —operational 1865–1872 Vagrancy Laws !  counties throughout the South created vagrancy laws designed to empower local law officials to harass African Americans, who could be charged with vagrancy at the discretion poof the police officer ““Forty Acres and a Mule” !  high expectations fueled by Special Field Order No. 15 were not realized !  during Reconstruction, white landowners were able to reclaim their lands !  lack of landownership undermined real freedom
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Black Education !  thousands of white teachers from the North sponsored by Freedman s Bureau to teach in the South !  freed slaves and their
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