Daoism: A First PassThe Failures of Confucianism:VirtueWhat Confucians HopeWhat actually HappensWhich Leads toLiWell ManneredStubbornness, Rebellion LoathingYiMoral RighteousnessHolier than Though AttitudeResentment toward the “Holier than Though” XiaoFilial PietyEnvy (of other Families)GreedRenBenevolenceSelfishness and Disappointment if Ren isn’t ReciprocatedResentment at Lack of Reciprocation A Daoist Explanation of these Failures:Basic Explanation: there is no “cookie cutter” model of human flourishing.In other words, human flourishing can come in many different forms. So, although the Confucian model of human flourishing might work well for some people, it won’t work well for others.Hence, laws or moral development programs meant to apply to all people in the same way will not bring about human flourishing for everyone. A Daoist Solution:There are two aspects to the Daoist solution, one negative and one positive.Negative aspect: stop encouraging the Confucian virtues.For as we saw, the Confucian virtues often lead to problems.1. Li Loathing2. Yi Resentment3. Xiao Greed4. Ren Resentment Positive aspect: act in accordance with nature.