Lecture 18 - Daoism A First Pass The Failures of Confucianism Virtu e Li What Confucians Hope What actually Happens Which Leads to Well Mannered

Lecture 18 - Daoism A First Pass The Failures of...

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Daoism: A First Pass The Failures of Confucianism: Virtu e What Confucians Hope What actually Happens Which Leads to Li Well Mannered Stubbornness, Rebellion Loathing Yi Moral Righteousness Holier than Though Attitude Resentment toward the “Holier than Though” Xiao Filial Piety Envy (of other Families) Greed Ren Benevolence Selfishness and Disappointment if Ren isn’t Reciprocated Resentment at Lack of Reciprocation A Daoist Explanation of these Failures: Basic Explanation: there is no “cookie cutter” model of human flourishing. In other words, human flourishing can come in many different forms. So, although the Confucian model of human flourishing might work well for some people, it won’t work well for others. Hence, laws or moral development programs meant to apply to all people in the same way will not bring about human flourishing for everyone. A Daoist Solution: There are two aspects to the Daoist solution, one negative and one positive. Negative aspect: stop encouraging the Confucian virtues. For as we saw, the Confucian virtues often lead to problems. 1. Li Loathing 2. Yi Resentment 3. Xiao Greed 4. Ren Resentment Positive aspect: act in accordance with nature.

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