Ch'an/Zen Buddhism(Branch of Mahayana Buddhism) Bodhidharma oDepicted as a wide-eyed, bearded barbarian. Supposed to be the first patriarch of the Ch'an lineage of Buddhist philosophy. oWanted to streamline and simplify Buddhist practices. Get back to basics! oCrazy awesome Bodhidharma stories. Ch'an TraditionA reaction to the increasingly complicated Chinese Buddhist schools of thought at the time. oThese were already philosophical complicated, which was made even more complicated by the influence of Daoist doctrines. Emphasizes a focus on Buddha-nature (tathagatarbha) oAwakened buddhas, when deluded, are just sentient beings. Sentient beings,when awakened, are Buddhas. oEVERYONE has underlying Buddha-Nature, anyone can become enlightened. Enlightenment is an all or nothing thing that comes suddenly. oEnlightenment is just when everything snaps into place, and you see reality clearly and freely.