Lecture 16 - Maintaining Legalist Society 1 The Five Vermin We must get rid of them for they are a threat to social harmony a The Scholars(particularly

Lecture 16 - Maintaining Legalist Society 1 The Five Vermin...

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Maintaining Legalist Society: 1) The Five Vermin: We must get rid of them, for they are a threat to social harmony. a. The Scholars (particularly Confucians, but Mohists and Daoists as well) b. Orators c. Mercenaries/Swordsmen d. Draft Dodgers e. Merchants and Craftsmen 2) What do all of these have in common? They are a threat to society, mostly because they 3) Problems with The Scholar: 1. Often, the way of virtue conflicts with the way of law. a. Pg. 344: Remember Upright Gong? According to Han Feizi, he was executed after turning in his father for stealing a sheep. b. Rulers have contradictory expectations of their subordinates but emphasising both Virtue and Law. c. Guy who abandons the army in the interests of Xiao places his individual needs above the needs of the group. Notice that Han Feizi expects people to want to run away from battle. The problem is that Scholars promote it! So we need to get rid of scholars, and making fighting in the army in one's best interest.

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